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Showing 1 to 15 of 28 results Save | Export
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; DiPietro, Stephanie M. – Sociology of Education, 2011
This study assesses the effects of three aspects of school organization--student enrollment, student-teacher ratio, and the number of different students taught--on the property and personal victimization experiences of students. It hypothesizes that smaller schools, schools with lower ratios of students to adults, and schools in which the number…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Ratio, Delinquency Prevention, Prevention, School Size
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Rorie, Melissa; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda; Wilson, Denise; Connell, Nadine M. – Journal of Adolescence, 2011
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of after-school programs (ASPs) for reducing problem behaviors is mixed. Unstructured ASPs may increase antisocial behavior by increasing "deviancy training" opportunities, when peers reinforce deviant attitudes and behaviors. This research analyses approximately 3000 five-minute intervals from 398 observations…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Middle School Students, Intervals, Violence
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Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Adolescents, Leisure Time, Behavior Problems
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Soule, David A. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
This study examines the timing of juvenile delinquent behavior by crime type. A study of 513 youths participating in after-school programs indicates that crimes against persons are elevated during the after-school hours but not as much as during school. Property crime and drug use are not particularly elevated during the after-school hours.…
Descriptors: After School Programs, Crime, Violence, Substance Abuse
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kearley, Brook W.; Najaka, Stacy S.; Rocha, Carlos M. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2007
This study examines program elements related to reductions in drug use and crime among Drug Treatment Courts (DTC) participants as well as theoretical mechanisms--increased social controls and improved perceptions of procedural justice--expected to mediate the effects of DTC on these outcomes. Data are from 157 research participants interviewed…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Control, Courts, Drug Use Testing
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Fox, Danielle Polizzi; Gottfredson, Denise C. – Journal of Primary Prevention, 2003
Investigated characteristics associated with program non-completion among families recruited for family-based prevention program. General themes uncovered from analysis of adult survey responses suggested that non-completers were misinformed about content of the program, and lacked accessible transportation. Program content, family illness, and…
Descriptors: Attendance, Conflict of Interest, Family Counseling, Prevention
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Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Payne, Allison Ann; Gottfredson, Nisha C. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disorder result from within-school rather than…
Descriptors: Institutional Characteristics, Violence, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 2001
This report describes approaches used by schools to prevent or reduce gang involvement among schools. The study of gang prevention and intervention builds on a large-scale National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools. A sample of 1,279 schools participated in the study. Overall, 7.6% of the male and 3.8% of the female secondary students…
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Delinquency, Intervention, Juvenile Gangs
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1984
During the last decade there has been a heightened interest in teenage work experience as a partial solution to the problem of an increasingly visible delinquent youth culture. To examine the effect of teenage employment on drug use and other more serious delinquent behavior, students in grades 6-12, from a randomly selected national population,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attendance, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1981
This paper focuses on the methodology of cross group comparisons of regression coefficients commonly used to identify group differences in status attainment. Using the study of race differences in educational attainment as an example, the paper reviews a number of relevant published studies and demonstrates that evidence for such differences is…
Descriptors: Black Students, Educational Attainment, Racial Differences, Regression (Statistics)
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – NASSP Bulletin, 1985
A national study of 2,000 secondary school students found that the work experiences available to teenagers have little or no effect on their tendency to delinquency, their academic learning, or their psychological well-being. Earlier studies suggest that coordinating work with education more systematically could provide social benefits. (PGD)
Descriptors: Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Education Work Relationship, National Surveys
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1985
The Effective Schools Project is a test of a general method for improving organizational effectiveness. The method--Program Development Evaluation (PDE)--calls for researcher-practitioner collaboration in the design, implementation, and evaluation of programs to increase school effectiveness. Two Baltimore City junior high schools are working with…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Cooperation, Educational Research, Evaluation Methods
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1985
This paper uses a national survey of secondary schools to examine the relation between size and orderliness in secondary schools and to test alternative theories linking school disorder to school size. Manning theory and social control theory, taken together, predict that larger schools will experience more disruption because a smaller proportion…
Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Case Studies, Coordination, Delinquency Causes
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1980
Persistence in educational pursuits is strongly related to the prestige level and income level of an occupation. Personality correlates of persistence in education were examined in the context of a causal model of attainment in an eight-year longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of 2213 young men. Results imply that anxiety and…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Anxiety, Educational Experience, Employment Level
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – Developmental Psychology, 1985
Data from a national study of delinquency prevention programs were used to examine the effect of teenage employment on delinquent behavior in preadolescents and adolescents. Models examined suggest working decreases school attendance and dependence on parents for some subgroups, but these effects are not translated into increases in delinquency.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
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