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Showing 1 to 15 of 19 results Save | Export
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; DiPietro, Stephanie M. – Sociology of Education, 2011
This study assesses the effects of three aspects of school organization--student enrollment, student-teacher ratio, and the number of different students taught--on the property and personal victimization experiences of students. It hypothesizes that smaller schools, schools with lower ratios of students to adults, and schools in which the number…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Ratio, Delinquency Prevention, Prevention, School Size
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Rorie, Melissa; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda; Wilson, Denise; Connell, Nadine M. – Journal of Adolescence, 2011
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of after-school programs (ASPs) for reducing problem behaviors is mixed. Unstructured ASPs may increase antisocial behavior by increasing "deviancy training" opportunities, when peers reinforce deviant attitudes and behaviors. This research analyses approximately 3000 five-minute intervals from 398 observations…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Middle School Students, Intervals, Violence
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Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Adolescents, Leisure Time, Behavior Problems
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Soule, David A. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
This study examines the timing of juvenile delinquent behavior by crime type. A study of 513 youths participating in after-school programs indicates that crimes against persons are elevated during the after-school hours but not as much as during school. Property crime and drug use are not particularly elevated during the after-school hours.…
Descriptors: After School Programs, Crime, Violence, Substance Abuse
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kearley, Brook W.; Najaka, Stacy S.; Rocha, Carlos M. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2007
This study examines program elements related to reductions in drug use and crime among Drug Treatment Courts (DTC) participants as well as theoretical mechanisms--increased social controls and improved perceptions of procedural justice--expected to mediate the effects of DTC on these outcomes. Data are from 157 research participants interviewed…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Control, Courts, Drug Use Testing
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Fox, Danielle Polizzi; Gottfredson, Denise C. – Journal of Primary Prevention, 2003
Investigated characteristics associated with program non-completion among families recruited for family-based prevention program. General themes uncovered from analysis of adult survey responses suggested that non-completers were misinformed about content of the program, and lacked accessible transportation. Program content, family illness, and…
Descriptors: Attendance, Conflict of Interest, Family Counseling, Prevention
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kearley, Brook W.; Najaka, Stacy S.; Rocha, Carlos M. – Evaluation Review, 2005
This study reports results from interviews with 157 research participants who were interviewed 3 years after randomization into treatment and control conditions in the evaluation of the Baltimore City Drug Treatment Court. The interviews asked about crime, substance use, welfare, employment, education, mental and physical health, and family and…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Crime, Physical Health, Court Litigation
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Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Payne, Allison Ann; Gottfredson, Nisha C. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disorder result from within-school rather than…
Descriptors: Institutional Characteristics, Violence, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
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Fox, Danielle Polizzi; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kumpfer, Karol K.; Beatty, Penny D. – Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2004
This article discusses the challenges faced when a popular model program, the Strengthening Families Program, which in the past has been implemented on a smaller scale in single organizations, moves to a larger, multiorganization endeavor. On the basis of 42 interviews conducted with program staff, the results highlight two main themes that…
Descriptors: Family Programs, Demonstration Programs, Interviews, Program Implementation
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – NASSP Bulletin, 1985
A national study of 2,000 secondary school students found that the work experiences available to teenagers have little or no effect on their tendency to delinquency, their academic learning, or their psychological well-being. Earlier studies suggest that coordinating work with education more systematically could provide social benefits. (PGD)
Descriptors: Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Education Work Relationship, National Surveys
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – American Sociological Review, 1981
Examines the credibility of inferences based on cross-group comparisons of regression coefficients using Black-White differences in the educational attainment process as an example. Shows that reanalyses of data from previous studies fail to produce consistent results even when major differences in samples, models, and methods are held constant.…
Descriptors: Blacks, Data Analysis, Educational Attainment, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – Developmental Psychology, 1985
Data from a national study of delinquency prevention programs were used to examine the effect of teenage employment on delinquent behavior in preadolescents and adolescents. Models examined suggest working decreases school attendance and dependence on parents for some subgroups, but these effects are not translated into increases in delinquency.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – Evaluation Review, 1987
An organizational development program was evaluated, which was implemented to reduce disorder in a Baltimore, Maryland, school. The Program Development Evaluation method was used. Increasing consistency of response to student discipline infractions, increasing rewards for appropriate behavior, and imposing peer and teacher support improved school…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Discipline Policy, Improvement Programs, Organizational Development
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Skroban, Stacy B.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Gottfredson, Gary D. – Evaluation Review, 1999
Implemented a comprehensive, school-based instructional and social-competency-promotion program to prevent problem behavior in a middle school. Evaluation of the five-year program showed that it was ineffective, with no dependable results on youth behavior. Discusses implications of these findings. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Instructional Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Middle School Students
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1993
A 3-year study in 8 middle schools tested a program to improve adolescent conduct. The program attempted to improve clarity and enforcement of rules, classroom organization, school-home communication, and increase reinforcement of positive behavior. Where it was well-implemented, student conduct improved significantly. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Attitude Change, Behavior Change
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