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Gottfredson, Denise C.; DiPietro, Stephanie M. – Sociology of Education, 2011
This study assesses the effects of three aspects of school organization--student enrollment, student-teacher ratio, and the number of different students taught--on the property and personal victimization experiences of students. It hypothesizes that smaller schools, schools with lower ratios of students to adults, and schools in which the number…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Ratio, Delinquency Prevention, Prevention, School Size
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Rorie, Melissa; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda; Wilson, Denise; Connell, Nadine M. – Journal of Adolescence, 2011
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of after-school programs (ASPs) for reducing problem behaviors is mixed. Unstructured ASPs may increase antisocial behavior by increasing "deviancy training" opportunities, when peers reinforce deviant attitudes and behaviors. This research analyses approximately 3000 five-minute intervals from 398 observations…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Middle School Students, Intervals, Violence
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Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Adolescents, Leisure Time, Behavior Problems
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Soule, David A. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
This study examines the timing of juvenile delinquent behavior by crime type. A study of 513 youths participating in after-school programs indicates that crimes against persons are elevated during the after-school hours but not as much as during school. Property crime and drug use are not particularly elevated during the after-school hours.…
Descriptors: After School Programs, Crime, Violence, Substance Abuse
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kearley, Brook W.; Najaka, Stacy S.; Rocha, Carlos M. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2007
This study examines program elements related to reductions in drug use and crime among Drug Treatment Courts (DTC) participants as well as theoretical mechanisms--increased social controls and improved perceptions of procedural justice--expected to mediate the effects of DTC on these outcomes. Data are from 157 research participants interviewed…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Control, Courts, Drug Use Testing
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 2001
This book links theory and empirical evidence to derive implications for designing school-based delinquency prevention programs. It examines how school environment and behavior interact, discusses the multiple levels of influence in and around schools that combine with student characteristics to lead to delinquency, and addresses the malleability…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Educational Environment
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Fox, Danielle Polizzi; Gottfredson, Denise C. – Journal of Primary Prevention, 2003
Investigated characteristics associated with program non-completion among families recruited for family-based prevention program. General themes uncovered from analysis of adult survey responses suggested that non-completers were misinformed about content of the program, and lacked accessible transportation. Program content, family illness, and…
Descriptors: Attendance, Conflict of Interest, Family Counseling, Prevention
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kearley, Brook W.; Najaka, Stacy S.; Rocha, Carlos M. – Evaluation Review, 2005
This study reports results from interviews with 157 research participants who were interviewed 3 years after randomization into treatment and control conditions in the evaluation of the Baltimore City Drug Treatment Court. The interviews asked about crime, substance use, welfare, employment, education, mental and physical health, and family and…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Crime, Physical Health, Court Litigation
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Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Payne, Allison Ann; Gottfredson, Nisha C. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disorder result from within-school rather than…
Descriptors: Institutional Characteristics, Violence, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 2001
This report describes approaches used by schools to prevent or reduce gang involvement among schools. The study of gang prevention and intervention builds on a large-scale National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools. A sample of 1,279 schools participated in the study. Overall, 7.6% of the male and 3.8% of the female secondary students…
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Delinquency, Intervention, Juvenile Gangs
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Fox, Danielle Polizzi; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Kumpfer, Karol K.; Beatty, Penny D. – Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2004
This article discusses the challenges faced when a popular model program, the Strengthening Families Program, which in the past has been implemented on a smaller scale in single organizations, moves to a larger, multiorganization endeavor. On the basis of 42 interviews conducted with program staff, the results highlight two main themes that…
Descriptors: Family Programs, Demonstration Programs, Interviews, Program Implementation
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Skroban, Stacy B.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Gottfredson, Gary D. – Evaluation Review, 1999
Implemented a comprehensive, school-based instructional and social-competency-promotion program to prevent problem behavior in a middle school. Evaluation of the five-year program showed that it was ineffective, with no dependable results on youth behavior. Discusses implications of these findings. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Instructional Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Middle School Students
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Czeh, Ellen R.; Cantor, David; Crosse, Scott B.; Hantman, Irene – 2000
This project was undertaken to develop a comprehensive account of the levels of problem behaviors in schools. It also looked at what schools do to prevent problem behaviors and how they promote a safe and orderly environment. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the study and explains some school-based interventions such as social competency…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Educational Environment, High Risk Students
Sherman, Lawrence W.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; MacKenzie, Doris L.; Eck, John; Reuter, Peter; Bushway, Shawn D. – 1998
This Research in Brief describes the scientific methodologies used to perform a review of crime prevention programs and then discusses what research has shown to work, what it has shown not to work, and what approaches seem promising for crime prevention. The first step was to identify and review reports evaluating the effectiveness of crime…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Crime Prevention, Drug Education, Educational Innovation