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Friend, Marilyn – Educational Leadership, 2016
Co-teaching was originally conceived as a way to push student with special needs into general education so that they could access the general curriculum alongside their peers. What was often lost, however, was the meticulous attention to these students' special needs, as identified in their individualized education programs (IEPs). In this…
Descriptors: Team Teaching, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Special Education Teachers, Special Education
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Shamberger, Cynthia Thrasher; Friend, Marilyn – Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 2013
Professional educators are called upon to provide effective instruction to student populations that increasingly consist of multiple cultures, languages, and ethnic backgrounds. Based on current special education law, schools are working toward establishing more collaborative cultures by stressing partnerships between general and special education…
Descriptors: Teacher Collaboration, Team Teaching, Teaching Methods, Literature Reviews
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Friend, Marilyn – Educational Leadership, 2007
Students with special needs are more likely to spend most or all of the school day in a typical classroom than they did in the past, when separate classrooms were the norm. As a result, teachers are faced with the challenge of teaching students with a wide array of learning needs. Marilyn Friend suggests that coteaching, a partnership in which a…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Special Education Teachers, Team Teaching, Teacher Collaboration
Muller, Eve; Friend, Marilyn; Hurley-Chamberlain, DeAnna – Project Forum, 2009
Although co-teaching has been a topic of interest for more than two decades among professionals advocating inclusive practices (e.g., Bauwens, Hourcade, & Friend, 1989; Garvar & Papania, 1982), the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates for curriculum access, high…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Disabilities, State Departments of Education, Politics of Education
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Friend, Marilyn; Cook, Lynne; Hurley-Chamberlain, DeAnna; Shamberger, Cynthia – Journal of Educational & Psychological Consultation, 2010
Although collaboration among service providers has been a hallmark of special education almost since its inception, co-teaching, the sharing of instruction by a general education teacher and a special education teacher or another specialist in a general education class that includes students with disabilities, is a relatively recent application.…
Descriptors: Team Teaching, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Inclusive Schools, Special Education
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Friend, Marilyn; Pope, Kimberly L. – Kappa Delta Pi Record, 2005
Today's classrooms are a reflection of today?s society; and more than anything else, they can be characterized as diverse. Every day, new students arrive at school who speak a language unknown in the community, who are recent immigrants to the United States, who are struggling to learn because of stresses in their lives outside of school, or who…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Student Diversity, Academic Achievement, Educational Environment
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Friend, Marilyn – Learning Disability Quarterly, 1984
Based on the responses to a questionnaire of resource teachers, regular education teachers, and principals, most of the skills typically associated with consultation were determined to be necessary for resource teachers. In addition, resource teachers were rated moderately skilled as consultants. Results suggest that educators' expectations may be…
Descriptors: Consultants, Consultation Programs, Disabilities, Resource Room Programs
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Friend, Marilyn – Teacher Education and Special Education, 1996
Discusses the trend toward integrating special education and general education teacher preparation programs. Advantages and disadvantages are assessed, including the risk of all teachers becoming generalists without expertise and the shortage of special education teachers. Also addresses the need for the continuing education of teachers. (CR)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Preservice Teacher Education, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Special Education Teachers
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Friend, Marilyn – Teacher Education and Special Education, 1996
Reflects on previous articles in the same journal that address preservice teacher education for special education teachers. The conflicting views, disagreements about instructional strategies, and increasingly broad views of how special education interfaces with other education enterprises, are believed to distract from core principles of the…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Conflict, Debate, Disabilities
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Friend, Marilyn – Remedial and Special Education, 2000
Discussion of the current trend toward professional collaboration in serving students with disabilities focuses on four misunderstandings that may undermine appropriate collaboration, specifically: (1) "Everyone is doing it"; (2) "More is better"; (3) "It's about feeling good and liking others"; and (4) "It comes naturally". (Contains four…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Friend, Marilyn – Teacher Education and Special Education, 1985
In designing consultation programs for special education teachers, three factors must be considered: (1) characteristics of consultation; (2) practitioner needs of consultation information; and (3) specific consultation skills to include in the training sequence. (Author/CL)
Descriptors: Consultants, Disabilities, Inservice Teacher Education, Program Development
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Friend, Marilyn – Remedial and Special Education (RASE), 1988
The article discusses the future of consultation as a special education service delivery model in the context of its historical development and current practice. The influence of the educational reform movement and the regular education initiative on special education consultation is discussed, and future directions for the discipline suggested.…
Descriptors: Ancillary School Services, Consultation Programs, Delivery Systems, Disabilities
Friend, Marilyn; Bursuck, William D. – 2002
This book is intended to guide teachers as they include students with special needs. The 13 chapters are: (1) "The Foundation for Educating Students with Special Needs" (e.g., issues related to inclusion); (2) "Special Education Procedures and Services" (e.g., how students obtain special services); (3) "Professional…
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Behavior Change, Classroom Techniques, Discipline
Friend, Marilyn; Bursuck, William – 1996
This practical guide for including students with special needs is divided into three main sections. The first section provides fundamental background knowledge of the field of special education and current knowledge of how students with disabilities are served within inclusive school environments. Chapter 1 presents a brief history of services to…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Disabilities, Educational Assessment, Educational Practices
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Friend, Marilyn; McNutt, Gaye – Exceptional Children, 1984
Results of a national survey indicated that the resource room was the most frequently used alternative to the regular education classroom for special education students, and the one most often used to serve the mildly-to-moderately handicapped. The amount of time that students spent in programs varied, but most states recommended time parameters.…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, National Surveys, Resource Room Programs
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