ERIC Number: EJ818622
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Early Pedagogical Influences on the Mississippi Freedom Schools: Myles Horton and Critical Education in the Deep South
Hale, Jon N.
American Educational History Journal, v34 n2 p315-329 2007
During the summer of 1964, Mississippi communities and activists established forty-one "Freedom Schools" that served over two thousand students. The Mississippi Freedom Schools embodied a critical philosophy of education. Despite its grassroots orientation, the educational ideas espoused in the Freedom Schools did not necessarily originate in Mississippi. Mississippian communities and Freedom School educators implemented ideas that developed during the progressive era of education. Myles Horton, the founder of Highlander Folk School, articulated similar ideas of critical education between 1929 and 1932 and implemented these ideas in his school for social change. While various scholars have provided both a historical and sociological perspective of the Freedom Schools, the connection between these schools and the Highlander Folk School is either marginalized, overlooked or ignored. In order to better understand the complexity and meaning of the Freedom School experience, this paper examines the context in which Myles Horton developed his educational theory during the progressive era of education and precisely how Freedom School activists were connected to Horton and the Highlander Folk School.
Descriptors: Folk Schools, Freedom, Social Change, Educational Experience, Educational History, Schools, Critical Theory, Educational Philosophy, Educational Sociology, Context Effect, Progressive Education, Educational Theories
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mississippi