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ERIC Number: EJ1033455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1740-2743
Freedom Schools Then and Now: A Transformative Approach to Learning
Watson, Marcia
Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, v14 n1 p170-190 Feb 2014
The purpose of this paper is to provide a historical and conceptual link between Ella Baker's Freedom School model and Paulo Freire's demand for critical education and emancipatory learning. Ella Baker, situated in the daunting environment of the Civil Rights Movement, saw education as a tool for social mobility for Mississippi residents in 1964. Paulo Freire, likewise, demanded that educational changes be made for the social plight of Brazilian citizens. This need for liberating education spanned across decades and is still needed today. Under the leadership of the "Children's Defense FundĀ®" (CDF), Freedom Schools still exist today as summer literacy programs for youth. This paper will provide a historical overview of the original 1964 Freedom Schools program and a programmatic snapshot of the current "Children's Defense Fund" (CDF) Freedom Schools program. In addition, this paper will explore the academic and social benefits that Freedom Schools offers, while outlining the imperativeness of the program's social action component for students.
Institute for Education Policy Studies. University of Northampton, School of Education, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK. Tel: +44-1273-270943; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Basic Reading Inventory