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Bethea, Sharon L. – Journal of Black Psychology, 2012
The present investigation considers the program outcomes of one community youth project, Leadership Excellence Inc., Oakland Freedom Schools. Oakland Freedom Schools are culturally relevant 6-week summer Language Arts enrichment programs for primarily inner-city African American youth aged 5 to 14 years. In this study, 79 African American youth…
Descriptors: Enrichment, Freedom, Social Action, Individual Development
Williamson, Lisa Ann – Teaching Tolerance, 2013
"You are the hope of the future." That's the message Marian Wright Edelman, executive director of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF), gave more than 1,500 excited college students and recent graduates as they began a week-long training for the CDF's Freedom Schools. She was preparing them for a daunting task--that of transforming the…
Descriptors: Enrichment, Freedom, Social Action, Schools
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Hale, Jon N. – Journal of Social Studies Research, 2011
This article examines the history of the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Schools to illustrate how integrating the Civil Rights Movement into the social studies curriculum refocuses the aims of American education on participatory democracy. Teaching the Civil Rights Movement and employing the teaching strategies used in the Freedom Schools leads to the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Civil Rights, Freedom, Democracy
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Hale, Jon N. – American Educational History Journal, 2007
During the summer of 1964, Mississippi communities and activists established forty-one "Freedom Schools" that served over two thousand students. The Mississippi Freedom Schools embodied a critical philosophy of education. Despite its grassroots orientation, the educational ideas espoused in the Freedom Schools did not necessarily…
Descriptors: Folk Schools, Freedom, Social Change, Educational Experience
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McKay-Jackson, Cassandra – Journal of Transformative Education, 2014
The traditional teaching of reading, writing, and arithmetic alone will not fully prepare students to lead with integrity, govern fairly, analyze problems, and work collectively with people different from themselves. Social emotional learning (SEL) has been described as one of the missing links in academic education, but a restrictive approach to…
Descriptors: Transformative Learning, Service Learning, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Etienne, Leslie – Peabody Journal of Education, 2013
The civil rights movement of the late 1950s and 1960s had a transformational effect on American society and on grassroots movements for social justice at home and abroad during that era and beyond. But much of the history of the push for racial equality in America is often told as if it is on a constant repetitive loop, when other accounts are…
Descriptors: Males, African Americans, Summer Programs, Freedom
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Schneider, Stephen – College Composition and Communication, 2006
"Freedom Schooling" looks at a Freedom School class taught by Black Power activist Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). Specifically, this article explores the philosophies of language and education that informed this class and the organic relationship fostered between the classroom and the political goals of African American communities during the…
Descriptors: African American Education, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Philosophy, Code Switching (Language)
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Jackson, Tambra O.; Boutte, Gloria S. – Language Arts, 2009
In U.S. schools, African American students are typically fed steady diets of stereotypical and culturally invasive literature and often do not see themselves positively and consistently represented in books. The crisis is fueled, in part, by teachers who (for various reasons) do not include and draw upon counter-narratives in their classrooms.…
Descriptors: African American Students, African American Culture, Culturally Relevant Education, Reading Assignments
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Logue, Jennifer – Philosophical Studies in Education, 2008
John Dewey's pragmatism and progressive education sought to nourish the democratic principles of critical thinking and collective social action, which he saw as central to democracy and threatened by what J├╝rgen Habermas would call the rise of "instrumental rationality." Dewey was concerned that traditional approaches to education…
Descriptors: Freedom, Intervention, Teaching Methods, Citizenship
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Irizarry, Jason – Democracy & Education, 2011
Drawing from a two-year ethnographic study of Latino high school students engaged in youth participatory action research (YPAR), this article describes students' quest for freedom in schools, locating their struggle within a larger effort to realize the democratic ideals of public schooling. Using Latino/a Critical Race Theory as a theoretical…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Freedom, Action Research, Ethnography
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Welton, Anjale – Democracy & Education, 2011
This response to ""Buscando la Libertad": Latino Youths in Search of Freedom in School" by Jason G. Irizarry demonstrates how youth participatory action research (YPAR) as an instrument of subverting oppressive school policies and structures is a form of critical policy analysis (CPA). As an evolving method, CPA acknowledges the absent voices in…
Descriptors: Freedom, Action Research, Policy Analysis, Educational Change
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Jasinski, Igor; Lewis, Tyson E. – Journal of Philosophy of Education, 2016
While some argue that the only way to make a place for Philosophy for Children (P4C) in today's strict, standardised classroom is to measure its efficacy in promoting reasoning, we believe that this must be avoided in order to safeguard what is truly unique in P4C dialogue. When P4C acquiesces to the very same quantitative measures that define the…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Educational Philosophy, Communities of Practice, Freedom
Brown, Ruth Nicole, Ed.; Kwakye, Chamara Jewel, Ed. – Peter Lang New York, 2012
"Wish To Live: The Hip-hop Feminism Pedagogy Reader" moves beyond the traditional understanding of the four elements of hip-hop culture--rapping, breakdancing, graffiti art, and deejaying--to articulate how hip-hop feminist scholarship can inform educational practices and spark, transform, encourage, and sustain local and global youth…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Freedom, Intimacy, Autobiographies
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Babie, Paul; Mylius, Ben – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2012
This article explores the place of religion within Australian primary and secondary education. It is divided into three parts. The first examines religion within the Australian legal and constitutional structure. The second considers the accommodation of religion in government (public or state) and nongovernment (private) schools, using the State…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Role of Religion, Educational Practices
Patrinos, Harry Anthony – Human Development Network Education, 2010
One of the key features of the Dutch education system is freedom of education--freedom to establish schools and organize teaching. Almost 70 percent of schools in the Netherlands are administered by private school boards, and all schools are government funded equally. This allows school choice. Using an instrument to identify school choice, it is…
Descriptors: Private Education, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, School Choice