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Khan, Shaista Irshad – European Journal of Educational Research, 2017
Critical thinking is seen as a highly desirable way of thinking that needs to be encouraged in all areas of higher education. However, it is not easy to conceptualise critical thinking in ways that can help in its development and in its assessment. Recent policy documents in Pakistan have laid emphasis on the development of critical thinking…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Higher Education, Thinking Skills, Foreign Countries
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Dinc, M. Sait; Kocyigit, Zubeyde – European Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of ethical leadership on teachers' job satisfaction, and affective commitment in an education sector. This study proposes that ethical leadership has a significant and positive effect on overall job satisfaction and affective commitment. Moreover, it suggests that ethical leadership has an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Satisfaction, Demography, Teacher Attitudes
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Mubeen, Sarwat; Reid, Norman – European Journal of Educational Research, 2014
Motivation is an inner force that activates and provides direction to our thought, feelings and actions. Two main characteristics of motivation are goal directed behavior and persistence. Motivated people persistently work for the goal until it is achieved. This paper explores the nature of motivation in the context of learning and seeks to relate…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Science Instruction, Self Esteem, Self Efficacy
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Safdar, Muhammad; Hussain, Azhar; Shah, Iqbal; Rifat, Qudsia – European Journal of Educational Research, 2012
This paper describes the procedure of developing an instructional tool, "concept mapping" and its effectiveness in making the material meaningful to the students. In Pakistan, the traditional way of teaching science subjects at all levels at school relies heavily on memorization. The up-to-date data obtained from qualitative and…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Teaching Methods, Instructional Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
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Ali, Asma Amanat; Reid, Norman – European Journal of Educational Research, 2012
Mathematics is well known as a subject area where there can be problems in terms of understanding as well as retaining positive attitudes. In a large study involving 813 school students (ages approximately 10-12) drawn from two different school systems in Pakistan, the effect of limited working memory capacity on performance in mathematics was…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Preadolescents, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes