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McCartney, Kathleen, Ed.; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu, Ed.; Forcier, Laurie B., Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2014
This landmark volume commemorates the fortieth anniversary of the Children's Defense Fund, which has been an uncompromising champion of American youth for all of those years. Yet the book looks not to the past but at our current circumstances--and at the challenges we must meet now and in the future on behalf of our young people. The book examines…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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Sibley, Erin; Dearing, Eric – Psychology in the Schools, 2014
As the foreign-born population in the United States grows, the achievement of immigrant children is a pressing concern. We examined family educational involvement in early elementary school as a potential source of support for the academic success of children in immigrant families. Using a nationally representative sample, we examined rates of…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Academic Achievement, Immigrants, Elementary School Students
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Zachrisson, Henrik D.; Dearing, Eric – Child Development, 2015
The sociopolitical context of Norway includes low poverty rates and universal access to subsidized and regulated Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC). In this context, the association between family income dynamics and changes in early child behavior problems was investigated, as well as whether high-quality ECEC buffers children from the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Family Income, Early Childhood Education, Child Care
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Lund, Terese J.; Dearing, Eric – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2013
Community studies indicating that affluence has social-emotional consequences for youth have conflated family and neighborhood wealth. We examined adolescent boys' delinquency and adolescent girls' anxiety-depression as a function of family, neighborhood, and cumulative affluence in a sample that is primarily of European-American descent, but…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Risk, Adolescents, Neighborhoods
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Zambrana, Imac M.; Dearing, Eric; Naerde, Ane; Zachrisson, Henrik D. – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2016
There is considerable evidence that high-quality Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) is associated with children's language competence. Yet, studies in contexts of universal access to quality-regulated ECEC are rarer, exacerbating concerns over selection bias endemic to non-experimental work on the topic. Extending the cumulative knowledge…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Language, Language Skills
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Tang, Sandra; Dearing, Eric; Weiss, Heather B. – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2012
For a sample of low-income, Spanish-speaking Mexican-American families (n = 72), we investigated associations between family involvement in school-based activities and children's literacy in their preferred language (English or Spanish) during early elementary school. We gave special attention to the potential moderating role of teacher fluency in…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Emergent Literacy, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers
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Zachrisson, Henrik D.; Dearing, Eric; Lekhal, Ratib; Toppelberg, Claudio O. – Child Development, 2013
Associations between maternal reports of hours in child care and children's externalizing problems at 18 and 36 months of age were examined in a population-based Norwegian sample ("n" = 75,271). Within a sociopolitical context of homogenously high-quality child care, there was little evidence that high quantity of care causes…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Care, Behavior Problems, Context Effect
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Dearing, Eric; Walsh, Mary E.; Sibley, Erin; Lee-St.John, Terry; Foley, Claire; Raczek, Anastacia E. – Child Development, 2016
Using a quasi-experimental design, the effects of a student support intervention were estimated for the math and reading achievement of first-generation immigrant children (n = 667, M = 11.05 years of age) attending high-poverty, urban elementary schools. The intervention was designed to help schools identify developmental strengths and barriers…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Poverty, Urban Schools, Elementary School Students
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Dearing, Eric; McCartney, Kathleen; Taylor, Beck A. – Child Development, 2009
Higher quality child care during infancy and early childhood (6-54 months of age) was examined as a moderator of associations between family economic status and children's (N = 1,364) math and reading achievement in middle childhood (4.5-11 years of age). Low income was less strongly predictive of underachievement for children who had been in…
Descriptors: Reading Readiness, Economic Status, Low Income, Reading Achievement
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O'Connor, Erin E.; Dearing, Eric; Collins, Brian A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
The present study examined associations between the quality of teacher-child relationships and behavior problems among elementary school students using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a study of 1,364 children from birth through adolescence. There were two main findings. First, high-quality teacher-child…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Behavior Problems, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Behavior
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Dearing, Eric – Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 2004
The moderating effect of neighborhood crime and income on associations between parenting and child outcomes was estimated longitudinally for African-American (n=50), European-American (n= 59), and Latino-American (n=52) elementary school-age children. On average, restrictive parenting values were negatively associated with academic performance and…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Neighborhoods, Parenting Styles, Depression (Psychology)
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Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A. – Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 2007
Within-family associations between changes in income and changes in the home environment during infancy and early childhood were examined using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (n = 1364). Linear and nonlinear (i.e., semilog) specifications were estimated for…
Descriptors: Organizations (Groups), Physical Characteristics, Infants, Family Environment
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Walsh, Mary; Raczek, Anastasia; Sibley, Erin; Lee-St. John, Terrence; An, Chen; Akbayin, Bercem; Dearing, Eric; Foley, Claire – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
While randomized experimental designs are the gold standard in education research concerned with causal inference, non-experimental designs are ubiquitous. For researchers who work with non-experimental data and are no less concerned for causal inference, the major problem is potential omitted variable bias. In this presentation, the authors…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Quasiexperimental Design, Intervention, Elementary School Students
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Laski, Elida V.; Casey, Beth M.; Yu, Qingyi; Dulaney, Alana; Heyman, Miriam; Dearing, Eric – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
Girls are more likely than boys to use counting strategies rather than higher-level mental strategies to solve arithmetic problems. Prior research suggests that dependence on counting strategies may have negative implications for girls' later math achievement. We investigated the relation between first-grade girls' verbal and spatial skills and…
Descriptors: Females, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Spatial Ability
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Dearing, Eric; Casey, Beth M.; Ganley, Colleen M.; Tillinger, Miriam; Laski, Elida; Montecillo, Christine – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2012
The present study addressed girls' (N=127) early numerical and spatial reasoning skills, within the context of a critical environment in which these cognitive skills develop, namely their homes. Specifically, proximal links between distal family socioeconomic conditions and first-grade girls' arithmetic and spatial skills were examined (mean…
Descriptors: Females, Spatial Ability, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills
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