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Showing 1 to 15 of 33 results Save | Export
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Moul, Caroline; Killcross, Simon; Dadds, Mark R. – Psychological Review, 2012
This article introduces a novel hypothesis regarding amygdala function in psychopathy. The first part of this article introduces the concept of psychopathy and describes the main cognitive and affective impairments demonstrated by this population; that is, a deficit in fear-recognition, lower conditioned fear responses and poor performance in…
Descriptors: Fear, Comparative Analysis, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Psychopathology
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Scott, Stephen; Dadds, Mark R. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Improving the parent-child relationship by using strategies based on social learning theory has become the cornerstone for the treatment of conduct problems in children. Over the past 40 years, interventions have expanded greatly from small, experimental procedures to substantial, systematic programmes that provide clear guidelines in detailed…
Descriptors: Learning Theories, Attribution Theory, Socialization, Parent Child Relationship
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Dadds, Mark R.; MacDonald, Elayne; Cauchi, Avril; Williams, Katrina; Levy, Florence; Brennan, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The last two decades have witnessed a surge in research investigating the application of oxytocin as a method of enhancing social behaviour in humans. Preliminary evidence suggests oxytocin may have potential as an intervention for autism. We evaluated a 5-day "live-in" intervention using a double-blind randomized control trial. 38 male…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Drug Therapy
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Baldwin, Jennifer S.; Dadds, Mark R. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2008
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is comorbid with a range of other disorders, including anxiety disorders. The aim was to examine different explanations for the covariation of these symptom domains in children according to the framework provided by (Lilienfeld, S. O. Comorbidity between and within childhood externalizing and…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Hyperactivity, Anxiety, Children
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Dadds, Mark R.; Roth, Janet H. – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2008
We examined a brief program aimed at preventing anxiety and other problems in early childhood. Participants (N = 734, age 3-6 years) were drawn from 25 preschools across Brisbane, Australia. Assessments occurred four times over 14 months, with a diagnostic interview at follow-up. Parent and teacher reports included information on child…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Prevention, Young Children, Parents
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Pasalich, Dave S.; Dadds, Mark R.; Hawes, David J.; Brennan, John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Antisocial children with callous-unemotional (CU) traits appear to be disconnected from other people's emotions; although little is known about their experience of the parent-child emotional bond. This study examined parent-child attachment relationships and levels of CU traits in conduct-problem children. Method: Attachment…
Descriptors: Prevention, Attachment Behavior, Parents, Emotional Response
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Hawes, David J.; Zadro, Lisa; Iannuzzelli, Rose; Godwin, Alexandra; MacNevin, Georgia; Dadds, Mark R.; Griffiths, Brendan; Richardson, Rick – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2013
The aim of this study was to examine associations between ostracism, internalising problems, and threat to primary needs (belonging, control, self-esteem, meaningful existence) in children (N= 165, M age = 9 years). Ostracism was simulated experimentally using the Cyberball paradigm--a computer-based ball-throwing game--and threats to primary…
Descriptors: Correlation, Rejection (Psychology), Behavior Problems, Self Control
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Atkinson, Erin R.; Dadds, Mark R.; Chipuer, Heather; Dawe, Sharon – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2009
Past research has emphasised the importance of children's appraisals of the threat posed by parent conflict for understanding links between interparental conflict and child outcomes. However, little is known about what it is that children actually find threatening about parent conflict. Children (n = 236) aged 10-16 years were recruited to examine…
Descriptors: Conflict, Attachment Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Fear
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Van Bergen, Penny; Salmon, Karen; Dadds, Mark R.; Allen, Jennifer – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2009
The present study examined the impact of training mothers in high-elaborative, emotional reminiscing on children's autobiographical memory and emotion knowledge. Eighty mothers were randomly allocated to one of two training conditions: in the "reminiscing" condition, mothers were encouraged to reminisce by asking their children (aged 3.5 to 5…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mothers, Instruction, Memory
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Salmon, Karen; Dadds, Mark R.; Allen, Jennifer; Hawes, David J. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2009
To assess the effectiveness of providing training in elaborative, emotion rich reminiscing (emotional reminiscing, ER) as an adjunct to Parent Management Training (PMT) for parents of children (N = 38, M age = 56.9, SD = 15.8 months) with oppositional behaviors. "Control" parents received PMT and non-language adjunct intervention, child-directed…
Descriptors: Emotional Intelligence, Play, Intervention, Preschool Children
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Pasalich, Dave S.; Dadds, Mark R.; Hawes, David J.; Brennan, John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: Research suggests that parenting has little influence on the development of antisocial behavior in children with callous-unemotional (CU) traits. We aimed to extend and improve on prior studies examining the moderating role of CU traits on associations between parenting and conduct problems, by using independent observations of two key…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Antisocial Behavior, Therapy, Personality Traits
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Dadds, Mark R.; Jambrak, Jasmin; Pasalich, Dave; Hawes, David J.; Brennan, John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: A pervasive failure to attend and respond to emotionally salient stimuli is a core feature of psychopathy. We hypothesise that this begins early in life and is expressed most importantly as a failure to attend to core emotional features (viz., the eyes) of attachment figures. The current study tested whether impaired eye contact is a…
Descriptors: Evidence, Play, Nonverbal Communication, Intervals
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Hawes, David J.; Dadds, Mark R.; Frost, Aaron D. J.; Hasking, Penelope A. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2011
This study examined the relationship between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and parenting practices over time in a mixed-sex community cohort (N = 1,008; 52.6% boys), aged 3 to 10 years (M = 6.5, SD = 1.3). Measures of CU traits, externalizing psychopathology, parenting practices, and socioeconomic risk factors were collected at baseline, and…
Descriptors: Evidence, Parent Participation, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing
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Hawes, David J.; Dadds, Mark R. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2007
This study examined stability and malleability in the callous-unemotional (CU) traits of young boys (M age = 6.29 years, SD = 1.55) referred to clinics with conduct problems who underwent a parent-training intervention. In contrast to the high stability predicted, CU scores dropped posttreatment for a subset of the sample. However, as…
Descriptors: Males, Clinics, Adolescents, Behavior Problems
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Baldwin, Jennifer S.; Dadds, Mark R. – Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2007
Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC), which measures physical symptoms, harm avoidance, social anxiety, and separation/panic. Method: Using a community sample of Australian children (8-13 years old), the internal stability, factor structure, and convergent validity of child-…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Psychometrics, Parents, Validity
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