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Chisman, Forrest P.; Crandall, JoAnn – Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy (NJ1), 2007
This document is the result of two years of intensive, dedicated work by a remarkable team of nearly two dozen researchers. It takes the first steps on a long overdue journey to fully understanding the realities and promise of ESL program service in community colleges across the nation. The report offers an in-depth look into several community…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, English (Second Language), College Second Language Programs, Educational Innovation
Crandall, JoAnn – 1993
The paper, prepared as a background paper for a larger project on adult English as a Second Language (ESL), discusses a variety of issues and challenges in improving adult ESL services in the United States. An introductory section offers an overview of demographic and educational factors affecting the education of limited-English-proficient (LEP)…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Curriculum Design, Demography, Educational Needs
Crandall, JoAnn – 1994
This digest discusses the rationale for integrating language and content instruction, and provides an overview of some of the program models and teaching techniques that focus on this approach. The following program models are highlighted: Content-based language instruction, sheltered subject matter teaching, theme-based instruction, sheltered…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Program Descriptions
Crandall, JoAnn – 1994
Most teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) face a number of challenges: large and heterogeneous classes, specialized student needs, and poor funding and employment continuity. Many work part time, often in more than one program and serving simultaneously as administrator and teacher. While most have college degrees, their training is…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Educational Needs, English (Second Language)
Crandall, JoAnn – 1981
An ethnographic study of five clerk-typists and five applications clerks in a large federal agency included observations, interviews, and a 3-week job literacy program. Both in their performance on job tasks and in the tests and exercises in the literacy program, the clerks demonstrated a number of strategies by which they quickly locate…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Basic Skills, Clerical Workers
Crandall, JoAnn – 1979
Characteristics of successful adult vocational English as a second language (ESL) programs are described, and psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic, and pedagogical insights are presented. Characteristics of a successful program are as follows: (1) they are learner-centered; (2) there is recognition that English can and should be learned for specific…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Students, Behavioral Objectives, Career Development
Crandall, JoAnn – Metas, 1982
Discusses theories and practices that distinguish English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction from other instructional approaches for non-English speakers. Explores ways that ESL instruction might include academic subject areas other than English and address cultural as well as linguistic differences among students. Author/GC)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Crandall, JoAnn – Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 1983
A review of the status of adult literacy, focusing on the United States, discusses the definition and assessment of literacy, functional and occupational literacy, and literacy instruction. Includes a 27-citation annotated bibliography and a large unannotated bibliography. (CB)
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, English, Literacy Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Crandall, JoAnn – Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 1991
A discussion of economic and social arguments that advance adult literacy is followed by a review of definitions of literacy, issues of literacy instruction, issues of language, and issues of assessment and evaluation. (91 references) (LB)
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Annotated Bibliographies, Applied Linguistics, Basic Skills
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Crandall, JoAnn – Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 1992
Reviews integrated language and content instruction or content-centered language learning in the United States. The background, rationale, program models, instructional strategies and techniques, and issues related to this type of language instruction are provided. An annotated bibliography is included. (61 references) (LET)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Elementary School Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)
Crandall, JoAnn – Forum, 1998
Reviews strategies for helping prepare preservice and inservice English-language and content-area teachers to help students to function in English-as-a-Second/Foreign-Language classrooms in elementary, secondary, and tertiary educational contexts around the world. Strategies are drawn from three models of teacher development: craft or training,…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Higher Education
Crandall, JoAnn, Ed. – 1995
The concept of integrating language instruction with subject matter instruction is not new to language educators. It has been attempted for many years in adult education, in university programs for foreign students, and in specialized language courses for scientists, businessmen, and other professionals. To some degree, it has also been a part of…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Higher Education, Mathematics Instruction
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Crandall, JoAnn (Jodi) – TESOL Quarterly, 1993
Three major models of adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy professional development are discussed: craft or mentoring models, applied science or theory to practice models, and inquiry or reflective practice models. Each is outlined, examples are provided, and innovative K-12 teacher development practices are suggested. (Contains 50…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Credentials, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)
Crandall, JoAnn (Jodi) – ESL Magazine, 2001
Examines classroom management in the English-as-a-Second-Language setting. Focuses on the particular challenges of the language classroom, classroom rules and what they say about teachers, and the language teacher as gatekeeper. Steps to a well-managed effective classroom learning community are provided.(Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, English (Second Language), Instructional Effectiveness
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Crandall, JoAnn (Jodi) – Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 2000
Discusses how language teacher education has shifted to constructivist, process-oriented theories of learning; the idea that teacher education programs have failed to prepare teachers for the classroom; the importance of teachers' prior experiences; and the concern that teaching be viewed as a profession where teachers have an active role in…
Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, Beliefs, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development
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