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Showing 46 to 60 of 116 results Save | Export
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Oppenheim-Leaf, Misty L.; Leaf, Justin B.; Dozier, Claudia; Sheldon, Jan B.; Sherman, James A. – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2012
Siblings are important "peers" for children. Unfortunately, children with autism often do not play or interact often with their typically developing siblings. The purpose of this study was to teach three typically developing children (ages 4-6) skills that were likely to increase the amount and quality of social play interactions with their…
Descriptors: Siblings, Play, Autism, Sibling Relationship
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Sullivan, Alison; Winograd, Greta; Verkuilen, Jay; Fish, Marian C. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
Background: This study investigated associations between the presence of a child with autism or Asperger's disorder in the family, family functioning and grandmother experiences with the goal of better understanding grandparent involvement in the lives of grandchildren on the autism spectrum and their families. Methods: Mothers and grandmothers of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Autism, Grandparents, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Szymanski, Christen; Brice, Patrick J. – Odyssey: New Directions in Deaf Education, 2008
While many explanations have been offered for the increased rate of autism, the true cause remains unknown. Nonetheless, in the United States, "diagnoses of autism are increasing faster than any other diagnosis of developmental disability in children." But this statement, like others pertaining to the characteristics of autism and the relevant…
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Deafness, Developmental Disabilities
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Barnevik-Olsson, Martina; Gillberg, Christopher; Fernell, Elisabeth – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2008
In a geographical area of Stockholm, with a relatively large Somali immigrant population, parents as well as teachers in special schools and staff at habilitation centres have raised concerns over whether children with a Somali background are over-represented in the total group of children with autism. The aim of the study was, therefore, to…
Descriptors: Special Schools, Investigations, Incidence, Autism
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Klein-Tasman, Bonita P.; van der Fluit, Faye; Mervis, Carolyn B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
To characterize autism spectrum-related symptomatology in children with Williams syndrome (WS) with phrase speech or fluent language, the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Module 2 or 3 was administered. The cutoff for autism spectrum was met by 35% (14/40) who completed Module 2 and 30% (18/60) who completed Module 3. Similarities and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Children
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Rubenstein, Eric; Young, Jessica C.; Croen, Lisa A.; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Dowling, Nicole F.; Lee, Li-Ching; Schieve, Laura; Wiggins, Lisa D.; Daniels, Julie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Opioid use during pregnancy is associated with suboptimal pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about child neurodevelopmental outcomes. We examined associations between maternal opioid prescriptions preconception to delivery (peri-pregnancy) and child's risk of ASD, developmental delay/disorder (DD) with no ASD features, or ASD/DD with autism…
Descriptors: Mothers, Narcotics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Cohen, Ira L.; Flory, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A recent cross-sectional analysis of PDD Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) data, analyzed with a classification and regression tree algorithm, yielded a decision tree (the Autism Spectrum Disorder-Decision Tree or ASD-DT) that detected three behaviorally distinct ASD subgroups: minimally verbal, verbal, and atypical. These subgroups differed in PDDBI…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Gray, K. M.; Tonge, B. J.; Sweeney, D. J.; Einfeld, S. L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
The ability to identify children who require specialist assessment for the possibility of autism at as early an age as possible has become a growing area of research. A number of measures have been developed as potential screening tools for autism. The reliability and validity of one of these measures for screening for autism in young children…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Autism, Interrater Reliability, Young Children
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Rundblad, Gabriella; Annaz, Dagmara – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2010
One of the most noticeable problems in autism involves the social use of language such as metaphor and metonymy, both of which are very common in daily language use. The present study is the first to investigate the development of metaphor and metonymy comprehension in autism. Eleven children with autism were compared to 17 typically developing…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Age Differences, Autism, Figurative Language
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Charlop, Marjorie H.; Dennis, Brian; Carpenter, Michael H.; Greenberg, Alissa L. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2010
Children with autism often lack complex socially expressive skills that would allow them to engage others more successfully. In the present study, video modeling was used to promote appropriate verbal comments, intonation, gestures, and facial expressions during social interactions of three children with autism. In baseline, the children rarely…
Descriptors: Cues, Intonation, Autism, Interpersonal Competence
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Reese, R. Matthew; Jamison, T. Rene; Braun, Matt; Wendland, Maura; Black, William; Hadorn, Megan; Nelson, Eve-Lynn; Prather, Carole – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children living in rural and underserved areas experience decreased access to health care services and are often diagnosed with autism at a later age compared to those living in urban or suburban areas. This study examines the utility and validity of an ASD assessment protocol conducted via video conferencing (VC). Participants (n = 17) included…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Access to Health Care, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis
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Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Mayes, Rebecca D.; Molitoris, Sarah – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2012
Children with ADHD and autism have some similar features, complicating a differential diagnosis. The purpose of our study was to determine the degree to which core ADHD and autistic symptoms overlap in and discriminate between children 2-16 years of age with autism and ADHD. Our study demonstrated that 847 children with autism were easily…
Descriptors: Autism, Short Term Memory, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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van Steensel, Francisca J. A.; Bogels, Susan M.; Wood, Jeffrey J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
The aim of this study was to examine ASD traits in children with clinical anxiety in early development, as well as current manifestations. Parents of 42 children with an anxiety disorder (but no known diagnosis of ASD) and 42 typically developing children were interviewed using the Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI-R). They also completed…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Questionnaires, Anxiety, Autism
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Luther, Edith H.; Canham, Daryl L.; Cureton, Virginia Young – Journal of School Nursing, 2005
Autism in children has increased significantly in the past 15 years. The challenges and stressors associated with providing services and caring for a child with autism affect families, educators, and health professionals. This descriptive study used a survey to collect data on parents' perceptions of coping strategies and social support.…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Autism, School Nurses, Coping
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Mazahery, Hajar; Conlon, Cathryn A.; Beck, Kathryn L.; Mugridge, Owen; Kruger, Marlena C.; Stonehouse, Welma; Camargo, Carlos A.; Meyer, Barbara J.; Tsang, Bobby; Jones, Beatrix; von Hurst, Pamela R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We evaluated the efficacy of vitamin D (VID), omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LCPUFA, OM), or both (VIDOM) on core symptoms of ASD. New Zealand children with ASD (n = 73; aged 2.5-8.0 years) received daily 2000 IU vitamin D[subscript 3], 722 mg docosahexaenoic acid, both, or placebo. Outcome measures were Social…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment, Nutrition
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