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Williams, Joanna P.; Pollini, Simonne; Nubla-Kung, Abigail M.; Snyder, Anne E.; Garcia, Amaya; Ordynans, Jill G.; Atkins, J. Grant – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study evaluated the effectiveness of an intervention for second graders at risk for academic failure, which taught reading comprehension embedded in social studies content. The intervention included instruction about the structure of cause/effect expository text, emphasizing clue words, generic questions, graphic organizers, and close…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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Baker, Scott K.; Santoro, Lana Edwards; Chard, David J.; Fien, Hank; Park, Yonghan; Otterstedt, Janet – Elementary School Journal, 2013
This study describes an evaluation of a read aloud intervention to improve comprehension and vocabulary of first-grade students. Twelve teachers were randomly assigned to an intervention or comparison condition. The study lasted 19 weeks, and the intervention focused on the systematic use of narrative and expository texts and dialogic interactions…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Program Evaluation, Intervention
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Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Kainz, Kirsten; Hedrick, Amy; Ginsberg, Marnie; Amendum, Steve – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
This study evaluated whether the Targeted Reading Intervention (TRI), a classroom teacher professional development program delivered through webcam technology literacy coaching, could provide rural classroom teachers with the instructional skills to help struggling readers progress rapidly in early reading. Fifteen rural schools were randomly…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Coaching (Performance), Literacy Education, Reading Difficulties
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Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Bouton, Bobette; Barquero, Laura A.; Cho, Eunsoo – Reading Research Quarterly, 2013
This randomized control trial examined the efficacy of a multitiered supplemental tutoring program within a first-grade responsiveness-to-intervention prevention model. Struggling first-grade readers (n = 649) were screened and progress monitored at the start of the school year. Those identified as unresponsive to general education Tier 1 (n =…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Prevention, Intervention, Reading Instruction
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Vadasy, Patricia F.; Sanders, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
This study tested the efficacy of supplemental phonics instruction for 84 low-skilled language minority (LM) kindergarteners and 64 non-LM kindergarteners at 10 urban public schools. Paraeducators were trained to provide the 18-week (January-May) intervention. Students performing in the bottom half of their classroom language group (LM and non-LM)…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Spelling, Reading Fluency, Phonics
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Denton, Carolyn A.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Barth, Amy E.; Vaughn, Sharon; Francis, David J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
This article describes a randomized controlled trial conducted to evaluate the effects of an intensive, individualized, Tier 3 reading intervention for second grade students who had previously experienced inadequate response to quality first grade classroom reading instruction (Tier 1) and supplemental small-group intervention (Tier 2). Also…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Student Characteristics, Grade 2
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Lane, Holly B.; Pullen, Paige C.; Hudson, Roxanne F.; Konold, Timothy R. – Literacy Research and Instruction, 2009
This study examined the components of a one-on-one literacy tutoring model to identify the necessary and sufficient elements for helping struggling beginning readers. The tutoring components of interest included word work using manipulative letters, written word work, and a generalization component. Reading assessment data from 100 first-grade…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Sight Vocabulary, Phonological Awareness, Data Analysis
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Vadasy, Patricia F.; Sanders, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
This study examined effects of a repeated reading intervention, Quick Reads, with incidental word-level scaffolding instruction. Second- and third-grade students with passage-reading fluency performance between the 10th and 60th percentiles were randomly assigned to dyads, which were in turn randomly assigned to treatment (paired tutoring, n = 82)…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Fluency, Pretests Posttests, Grade 3
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Macaruso, Paul; Hook, Pamela E.; McCabe, Robert – Journal of Research in Reading, 2006
In this study we examined the benefits of computer programs designed to supplement regular reading instruction in an urban public school system. The programs provide systematic exercises for mastering word-attack strategies. Our findings indicate that first graders who participated in the programs made significant reading gains over the school…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Public Schools
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Vadasy, Patricia F.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Peyton, Julia A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of code-oriented supplemental instruction for kindergarten students at risk for reading difficulties. Paraeducators were trained to provide 18 weeks of explicit instruction in phonemic skills and the alphabetic code. Students identified by their teachers meeting study eligibility criteria…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, High Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Instructional Effectiveness
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Black, Alison Rebeck; Doolittle, Fred; Zhu, Pei; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2008
This report presents findings, after one year of program implementation, from the Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs--a two-year intervention and random assignment evaluation of adapted models of regular-school-day math and reading instruction in after-school settings for students in grades 2 through 5. This…
Descriptors: After School Programs, Program Evaluation, Instructional Effectiveness, Program Implementation
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Walton, Patrick D.; Walton, Lona M. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2002
Finds teaching prereading kindergartners in the rime analogy strategy and prereading skills resulted in more reading than teaching either alone. Notes many children developed the untaught abilities of medial and final phoneme identity and the letter recoding reading strategy; and children were able to generalize the rime analogy strategy to read…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Instructional Effectiveness, Memory, Primary Education
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Gunn, Barbara; Smolkowski, Keith; Biglan, Anthony; Black, Carol – Journal of Special Education, 2002
A study involving 195 Hispanic and non-Hispanic students (grades K-2) with reading difficulties found that children who received supplemental reading instruction that taught basic decoding and comprehension skills for two years performed better on measures of word attack, word identification, oral reading fluency, vocabulary, and reading…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Early Intervention, Hispanic Americans, Instructional Effectiveness
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Thompson, Anneke; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Yen, Loulee; Yang, Nancy J.; Braun, Mary; O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2001
Examined effectiveness and feasibility of phonological awareness training, with and without a beginning decoding component. Teachers were assigned randomly to three groups: control, phonological awareness training, and phonological awareness training with beginning decoding instruction and practice. Group differences were identified at the end of…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Individual Differences, Instructional Effectiveness
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Joseph, Laurice M. – Reading Horizons, 2000
Explores the effectiveness of "word boxes" phonics instruction on beginning first-grade children's word identification and spelling performance. Finds that children in the word boxes condition significantly outperformed children in a more traditional phonics condition. Indicates that word boxes lessons can be a viable phonics approach to…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Grade 1, Instructional Effectiveness, Literacy
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