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Quinn, David M.; Le, Q. Tien – AERA Open, 2018
Scholars have argued that schools are "equalizers" because inequalities in test scores by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) grow faster over summer vacation than over the school year. In this study, we use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Classes of 1998-1999 and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Equal Education, Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Pilgrim, Jodi; Vasinda, Sheri; Bledsoe, Christie; Martinez, Elda E. – Reading Horizons, 2018
Reading online text presents unique challenges for elementary students as they develop and extend fundamental literacy skills to various media. Traditional assessments of concepts about print inspired the authors' research, which applies a similar approach to address "screen handling" instead of book handling. The purpose of their…
Descriptors: Literacy, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Jones, Curtis – School Community Journal, 2018
This report presents the SPARK literacy model, an innovative approach developed by Boys & Girls Clubs of Greater Milwaukee, for addressing the literacy needs of low-income and minority schools in Milwaukee. It also presents the results of a two-year randomized control trial evaluation of the SPARK literacy program's impact on reading…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Family School Relationship, School Community Relationship, Partnerships in Education
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Gerzel-Short, Lydia – School Community Journal, 2018
Family involvement in a child's education is vital to student success. This article presents qualitative findings from a more extensive study that examined family participation within a Response to Intervention (RtI) framework for K-1 grade students receiving Tier 2 reading interventions. RtI is a problem-solving tiered framework designed to…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Family School Relationship, Response to Intervention, Kindergarten
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D'Abate, Rosa L.; McVee, Mary B.; Rinker, Tyler W.; Schiller, Jennifer A. – Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 2018
Researchers have demonstrated that tutoring is an effective instructional model that relies upon the relationships among the tutor, the tutee, and the curriculum and not merely instructional skills or strategies. In our microethnographic case study, we investigated interactional patterns of two tutors who were pre-service literacy teachers working…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Literacy, Reading Centers, Preservice Teachers
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Hwang, Sophia H. J.; Cappella, Elise – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2018
Grade retention, the practice of requiring a student to remain in the same grade the following year, disproportionately affects students with sociodemographic risk and facing academic challenges. Each year, the United States spends $20 billion on retention and two million children are retained. Extant studies examining early elementary grade…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Elementary School Students, Primary Education, Grade 1
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Short, Nathan; Best, Sara; Bhowmick, Ankan; Brenner, Danielle; Cundall, Corey; Farmer, Melissa; Patel, Monal; Ross, Mitchell – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
Use of iPad technology in the classroom may facilitate learning, engagement, motivation, and interest (Crescenzi, Jewitt, & Price, 2014). The Dexteria™ iPad application was implemented into first grade curriculum using a nonequivalent control group design to explore impact on visual-motor integration (VMI) skills using the Beery-Buktenica…
Descriptors: Perceptual Motor Coordination, Computer Uses in Education, Handheld Devices, Grade 1
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Donica, Denise K.; Massengill, Meghan; Gooden, Mary Jessup – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
Literature has indicated conflicting results regarding the relationship between grasp patterns and legible handwriting. Historically, the dynamic tripod grasp was viewed as the gold standard, but more recent literature indicates that grasp may not have as much of an effect on handwriting legibility as once thought. The purpose of this study is to…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Psychomotor Skills, Elementary School Students, Grade 1
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Saleem, Ghazala T.; Gillen, Glen – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
Handwriting dysfunction can negatively impact a child's occupational performance. Data supporting handwriting interventions are limited, and a need exists for evidence-based handwriting interventions to enhance a child's functional performance and participation in meaningful occupations. This pilot study examined the relationship between the…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing Tests, Occupational Therapy, Elementary School Students
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McIlraith, Autumn L. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
Predictors of early word reading are well established. However, it is unclear if these predictors hold for readers across a range of word reading abilities. This study used quantile regression to investigate predictive relationships at different points in the distribution of word reading. Quantile regression analyses used preschool and…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Predictor Variables, Reading Ability, Phonological Awareness
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Kim, Yeonwoo; Calzada, Esther J.; Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela; Huang, Keng-Yen; Brotman, Laurie M.; Castro, Ashley; Pichardo, Catherine – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Early academic achievement has been shown to predict high school completion, but there have been few studies of the predictors of early academic success focused on Latino students. Using longitudinal data from 750 Mexican and Dominican American families, this study examined a cultural model of parenting and early academic achievement. While Latino…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Hispanic American Students, Academic Achievement
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Moore, Kara N.; Lampinen, James M.; Gallo, David A.; Adams, Eryn J.; Bridges, Ana J. – Child Development, 2018
This is the first reported study of children's use of two metacognitive strategies, recollection rejection and diagnostic monitoring, to reject misinformation. Recollection rejection involves the retrieval of details that disqualify an event, whereas diagnostic monitoring involves the failure to retrieve expected details. First (n = 56, age…
Descriptors: Children, Memory, Grade 1, Grade 3
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin M.; Thomson, Dana; Nguyen, Hoa Nha; Paz, Melissa; Theriault, Cote A.; Dearing, Eric – Child Development, 2018
The primary goal in this study was to examine maternal support of numerical concepts at 36 months as predictors of math achievement at 4.5 and 6-7 years. Observational measures of mother-child interactions (n = 140) were used to examine type of support for numerical concepts. Maternal support that involved labeling the quantities of sets of…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Young Children
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Uchikoshi, Yuuko; Yang, Lu; Liu, Siwei – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
This longitudinal study examined the role of narrative skills in English reading comprehension, after controlling for vocabulary and decoding, with a sample of 112 dual language learners (DLLs), including both Spanish-English and Cantonese-English children. Decoding, vocabulary, and narrative samples were collected in the winter of first grade and…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Reading Comprehension, Longitudinal Studies, Decoding (Reading)
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Osana, Helena P.; Przednowek, Katarzyna; Cooperman, Allyson; Adrien, Emmanuelle – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The effects of prior encodings of manipulatives (red and blue plastic chips) on children's ability to use them as representations of quantity were tested. First graders (N = 73) were assigned to four conditions in which the encoding of plastic chips was experimentally manipulated. All children then participated in an addition activity that relied…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Manipulative Materials, Cognitive Processes
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