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ERIC Number: EJ737126
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 36
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
Effects of Teachers' Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching on Student Achievement
Hill, Heather C.; Rowan, Brian; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg
American Educational Research Journal, v42 n2 p371-406 Sum 2005
This study explored whether and how teachers' mathematical knowledge for teaching contributes to gains in students' mathematics achievement. The authors used a linear mixed-model methodology in which first and third graders' mathematical achievement gains over a year were nested within teachers, who in turn were nested within schools. They found that teachers' mathematical knowledge was significantly related to student achievement gains in both first and third grades after controlling for key student- and teacher-level covariates. This result, while consonant with findings from the educational production function literature, was obtained via a measure focusing on the specialized mathematical knowledge and skills used in teaching mathematics. This finding provides support for policy initiatives designed to improve students' mathematics achievement by improving teachers' mathematical knowledge. (Contains 8 footnotes, 7 tables and 2 figures.)
American Educational Research Association. 1230 17th St. NW, Washington, DC 20036-3078. Tel: 202-223-9485; Fax: 202-775-1824; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED504995; ED512043; ED560919