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Wellman, Henry M.; Liu, David – Child Development, 2004
Two studies address the sequence of understandings evident in preschoolers' developing theory of mind. The first, preliminary study provides a meta-analysis of research comparing different types of mental state understandings (e.g., desires vs. beliefs, ignorance vs. false belief). The second, primary study tests a theory-of-mind scale for…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Preschool Children, Measurement Techniques, Mathematical Models
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Zurita, Gustavo; Nussbaum, Miguel – Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 2004
There is a need to incorporate constructivist environments in the pedagogical practice. A constructivist learning environment allows students to build up their own knowledge (based on previous one) while working jointly among them in a reflexive process directed by the teacher. Wireless interconnected handhelds can introduce a space that favours…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Educational Environment, Constructivism (Learning), Computer Uses in Education
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Allor, Jill; Mccathren, Rebecca – Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 2004
This article describes a two-year study addressing the effectiveness of a highly structured, systematic tutoring intervention implemented by minimally trained college students with two cohorts of at-risk first-grade readers. Participants were 61 first-grade children in Cohort 1 and 76 first-grade children in Cohort 2. Tutors participated in three…
Descriptors: Comprehension, Tutors, Tutoring, High Risk Students
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D'angiulli, Amedeo; Siegel, Linda S.; Maggi, Stefania – Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 2004
Socioeconomic gradients and growth-mixture model trajectories of word-reading achievement were examined from kindergarten to Grade 5 in all the children who entered kindergarten within a school district and started receiving literacy-intensive instruction from that point on. In kindergarten, the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Kindergarten, Reading Failure, Literacy Education
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Manis, Franklin R.; Lindsey, Kim A.; Bailey, Caroline E. – Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 2004
Development of English- and Spanish-reading skills was explored in a sample of 251 Spanish-speaking English-language learners from kindergarten through Grade 2. Word identification and reading comprehension developed at a normal rate based on monolingual norms for Spanish- and English-speaking children, but English oral language lagged…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Phonological Awareness, Reading Comprehension, Predictor Variables
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Lee Swanson, H.; Sez, Leilani; Gerber, Michael – Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 2004
This study determined the degree to which the phonological and executive components of memory reflect language-specific capacities in reading achievement. We tested whether the memory processes in a sample of English-language learners that played a major role in predicting second-language acquisition and risk for reading disability (RD) in Grade 1…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), High Risk Students, Grade 1
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Graves, Anne W.; Gersten, Russell; Haager, Diane – Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 2004
This study examined literacy instruction in 14 first-grade classrooms of English learners (ELS) in three schools in a large urban school district in southern California over a two-year period. Pre- and posttest measures of oral-reading fluency for 186 first graders, representing 11 native languages, were the outcome data. Reading-fluency data were…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Grade 1, Teaching Methods, Classroom Observation Techniques
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Ruan, Jiening – Literacy, 2004
This study investigates metacognitive development of 16 bilingual Chinese/English first-graders. The researcher analysed the metacognitive utterances produced by the children while they were engaged in the writing task of composing dictated stories. The results suggest that the young bilinguals demonstrated metacognitive abilities and were able to…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Metacognition, Grade 1, Chinese
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August, Gerald J.; Lee, Susanne S.; Bloomquist, Michael L.; Realmuto, George M.; Hektner, Joel M. – Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2004
The present study assessed the ability of the Early Risers' Skills for Success Program to maintain program effects 1 year post intervention. Participants were 327 kindergarten and first-grade children who screened positive for aggressive behavior and who were randomized to program and control conditions. Program children participated in 2…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Student Adjustment, Intervention, Neighborhoods
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Rabiner, David L.; Murray, Desiree W.; Schmid, Lorrie; Malone, Patrick S. – School Psychology Review, 2004
There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American,…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Student Behavior, Hispanic American Students, Behavior Problems
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Mohr, Kathleen A.J. – Reading Teacher, 2004
This article challenges reading teachers to use their rich literacy repertoires to make English an accelerated language for English-language learners in their classrooms. The introduction argues that educators must discard a remedial approach for second-language learners and afford more integrated, forward-looking experiences in order to enable…
Descriptors: Reading Teachers, Grade 4, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Block, Cathy Collins; Israel, Susan E. – Reading Teacher, 2004
The purpose of this article is to provide teachers with examples of how to perform effective think-alouds. Twelve think-alouds are described. A rationale for their use in kindergarten through grade 5 is also included. In addition, this article was designed to provide teachers with lessons and activities to assist students in developing the ability…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Thinking Skills, Elementary Education, Protocol Analysis
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Hoglund, Wendy L.; Leadbeater, Bonnie J. – Developmental Psychology, 2004
This study tested the independent and interactive influences of classroom (concentrations of peer prosocial behaviors and victimization), family (household moves, mothers' education), and school (proportion of students receiving income assistance) ecologies on changes in children's social competence (e.g., interpersonal skills, leadership…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Emotional Problems, Mothers, Interpersonal Competence
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Allhusen, Virginia; Belsky, Jay; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn L.; Bradley, Robert; Brownwell, Celia A; Burchinal, Margaret; Campbell, Susan B.; Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison; Cox, Martha; Friedman, Sarah L.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathryn; Houts, Renate M.; Huston, Aletha; Jaeger, Elizabeth; Johnson, Deborah J.; Kelly, Jean F.; Knoke, Bonnie; Marshall, Nancy; McCartney, Kathleen; Morrison, Frederick J.; O'Brien, Marion; Tresch Owen, Margaret; Payne, Chris; Phillips, Deborah; Pianta, Robert; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Robeson, Wendy W.; Spieker, Susan; Lowe Vandell, Deborah; Weinraub, Marsha – Developmental Psychology, 2004
This study evaluated the extent to which first-grade class size predicted child outcomes and observed classroom processes for 651 children (in separate classrooms). Analyses examined observed child-adult ratios and teacher-reported class sizes. Smaller classrooms showed higher quality instructional and emotional support, although children were…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Group Activities, Literacy, Family Income
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Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Developmental Psychology, 2004
This study investigated the extent to which mothers' psychological control predicts their children's mathematical performance during the children's transition from preschool to primary school over and above the impact of maternal affection and behavioral control. Also investigated was the extent to which maternal affection and behavioral control…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Psychological Needs, Psychology, Child Rearing
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