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Zimmerman, Belinda S.; Rasinski, Timothy V.; Was, Christopher A.; Rawson, Katherine A.; Dunlosky, John; Kruse, Sharon D.; Nikbakht, Elham – Reading Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the efficacy of the Fluency Development Lesson (FDL) in improving reading achievement in primary grade struggling readers. 30 readers, enrolled in a summer reading clinic, participated in daily 40-min mini-reading lessons across 5 weeks. During the fluency lessons, readers practiced and developed their literacy skills…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Smith, Jean Louise M.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Kosty, Derek; Baker, Scott K. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
This study reports the results of a cluster RCT evaluating the impact of Enhanced Core Reading Instruction on reading achievement of grade 1 at-risk readers. Forty-four elementary schools, blocked by district, were randomly assigned to condition. In both conditions, at-risk readers received 90 minutes of whole-group instruction (Tier 1) plus an…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Achievement
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Abdi, Yirgashewa Bekele; Therrien, William J. – Journal of International Special Needs Education, 2016
This study took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and examined the impact of explicit instruction and fluency practice of letter/sound combinations on reading Amharic letters and words. First grade students at risk for reading difficulties were assigned via stratified random assignment to treatment or control condition. Students in the treatment…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Reading Fluency, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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Musti-Rao, Shobana; Lo, Ya-yu; Plati, Erin – Remedial and Special Education, 2015
We used a multiple baseline across word lists design nested within a multiple baseline across participants design to examine the effects of instruction delivered using an iPad® app on sight word fluency and oral reading fluency of six first graders identified as at risk for reading failure. In Study 1, three students participated in…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Teaching Methods
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2015
The "Lindamood Phonemic Sequencing"® program is designed to improve reading and spelling skills by teaching students the skills needed to decode and encode words and to identify individual sounds and blends in words. The WWC has updated its 2008 review of "Lindamood Phonemic Sequencing"® to include 16 new studies, two of which…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Spelling, Reading Instruction, Decoding (Reading)
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Walcott, Christy M.; Marett, Katherine; Hessel, Amanda B. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2014
Children who are significantly inattentive and poor early readers require intervention, and traditional tutoring approaches may not be effective with this group. Using a single-subject, multiple-baseline-across-participants design, Study 1 examines whether a computer-assisted reading intervention increases performance for three first-grade…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Reading Improvement, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Iwasaki, Becky; Rasinski, Timothy; Yildirim, Kasim; Zimmerman, Belinda S. – Reading Teacher, 2013
Based on a first grade teacher's search for approaches to promote successful reading acquisition in her first grade classroom, the authors present a curricular engagement in which the teacher explored using music, specifically singing songs, as a fun and motivating way to accelerate reading progress. The premise is that singing (while at the…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Reading Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Singing
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Amendum, Steven J.; Fitzgerald, Jill – Journal of Literacy Research, 2013
We addressed whether the degree of structure of reading content delivery to the children or degree of professional development support for the teachers was related to kindergarten through second-grade students' 2-year reading growth in high-poverty, low-performing schools. There were four categories of data sources: (a) classroom,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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Cena, Johanna; Baker, Doris Luft; Kame'enui, Edward J.; Baker, Scott K.; Park, Yonghan; Smolkowski, Keith – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2013
This study examined the impact of a 15-min daily explicit vocabulary intervention in Spanish on expressive and receptive vocabulary knowledge and oral reading fluency in Spanish, and on language proficiency in English. Fifty Spanish-speaking English learners who received 90 min of Spanish reading instruction in an early transition model were…
Descriptors: Spanish, Intervention, Expressive Language, Receptive Language
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Mostow, Jack; Nelson-Taylor, Jessica; Beck, Joseph E. – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2013
A 7-month study of 178 students in grades 1-4 at two Blue Ribbon schools compared two daily 20-minute treatments. Eighty-eight students used the 2000-2001 version of Project LISTEN's Reading Tutor (www.cs.cmu.edu/~listen) in 10-computer labs, averaging 19 hours over the course of the year. The Reading Tutor served as a computerized implementation…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Sustained Silent Reading, Comparative Analysis
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2012
"Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies" and a similar program known as "Peer-Assisted Literacy Strategies" are peer-tutoring programs that supplement the primary reading curriculum (Fuchs, Fuchs, Kazdan, & Allen, 1999; Mathes & Babyak, 2001). This review uses the acronym "PALS" to encompass both programs and their…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Tutoring, Reading Instruction, Literacy
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
"Sound Partners" (Vadasy et al., 2004) is a phonics-based tutoring program that provides supplemental reading instruction to elementary school students grades K-3 with below average reading skills. The program is designed specifically for use by tutors with minimal training and experience. Instruction emphasizes letter-sound…
Descriptors: Phonics, Tutoring, Reading Instruction, Elementary School Students
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Jasmine, Joanne; Schiesl, Pamela – Reading Horizons, 2009
Reading fluency is the ability to read orally with speed and efficiency, including word recognition, decoding, and comprehension (Chard & Pikulski, 2005). Able readers achieve fluency as they recognize words with speed and build upon them to aid in comprehension (Pumfrey & Elliott, 1990). One way to help students achieve fluency is through the use…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Action Research, Sight Vocabulary, Bulletin Boards
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Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne; Murray, Christy S.; Scammacca, Nancy; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Woodruff, Althea L. – Exceptional Children, 2009
This study examined the effects of an intensive reading intervention for students demonstrating minimal response to previous, less intensive intervention. Participants received intervention for 13 to 26 weeks in first grade. In second grade, students were screened and those meeting the benchmark (higher responders) did not received an additional…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Early Intervention, Early Reading, Learning Disabilities
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2008
"Reading Recovery"[R] is a short-term tutoring intervention intended to serve the lowest-achieving (bottom 20%) first-grade students. The goals of "Reading Recovery"[R] are to promote literacy skills, reduce the number of first-grade students who are struggling to read, and prevent long-term reading difficulties. "Reading Recovery"[R] supplements…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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