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Zimmerman, Belinda S.; Rasinski, Timothy V.; Was, Christopher A.; Rawson, Katherine A.; Dunlosky, John; Kruse, Sharon D.; Nikbakht, Elham – Reading Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the efficacy of the Fluency Development Lesson (FDL) in improving reading achievement in primary grade struggling readers. 30 readers, enrolled in a summer reading clinic, participated in daily 40-min mini-reading lessons across 5 weeks. During the fluency lessons, readers practiced and developed their literacy skills…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Amendum, Steven J.; Fitzgerald, Jill – Journal of Literacy Research, 2013
We addressed whether the degree of structure of reading content delivery to the children or degree of professional development support for the teachers was related to kindergarten through second-grade students' 2-year reading growth in high-poverty, low-performing schools. There were four categories of data sources: (a) classroom,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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Mostow, Jack; Nelson-Taylor, Jessica; Beck, Joseph E. – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2013
A 7-month study of 178 students in grades 1-4 at two Blue Ribbon schools compared two daily 20-minute treatments. Eighty-eight students used the 2000-2001 version of Project LISTEN's Reading Tutor (www.cs.cmu.edu/~listen) in 10-computer labs, averaging 19 hours over the course of the year. The Reading Tutor served as a computerized implementation…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Sustained Silent Reading, Comparative Analysis
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Glenberg, Arthur M.; Goldberg, Andrew B.; Zhu, Xiaojin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
An embodied approach to reading comprehension suggests that emerging readers must learn to map words and phrases onto their remembered experiences, but this is made difficult by the necessity of focusing attention on decoding. Having children manipulate toys to correspond to what they are reading overcomes this problem, but introduces its own…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Early Reading, Toys, Educational Technology
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Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne; Murray, Christy S.; Scammacca, Nancy; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Woodruff, Althea L. – Exceptional Children, 2009
This study examined the effects of an intensive reading intervention for students demonstrating minimal response to previous, less intensive intervention. Participants received intervention for 13 to 26 weeks in first grade. In second grade, students were screened and those meeting the benchmark (higher responders) did not received an additional…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Early Intervention, Early Reading, Learning Disabilities
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2007
"Read Naturally" is designed to improve reading fluency using a combination of books, audiotapes, and computer software. According to the developer's web site, this program has three main strategies: repeated reading of text for developing oral reading fluency, teacher modeling of story reading, and systematic monitoring of student…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2007
"Kaplan SpellRead" (formerly known as "SpellRead Phonological Auditory Training"[R]) is a literacy program for struggling readers in grades 2 or above, including special education students, English language learners, and students more than two years below grade level in reading. "Kaplan SpellRead" integrates the…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Reading Programs, Reading Instruction, Reading Fluency