ERIC Number: EJ926717
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
A Comparison of Two Flashcard Drill Methods Targeting Word Recognition
Volpe, Robert J.; Mule, Christina M.; Briesch, Amy M.; Joseph, Laurice M.; Burns, Matthew K.
Journal of Behavioral Education, v20 n2 p117-137 Jun 2011
Traditional drill and practice (TD) and incremental rehearsal (IR) are two flashcard drill instructional methods previously noted to improve word recognition. The current study sought to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of these two methods, as assessed by next day retention assessments, under 2 conditions (i.e., opportunities to respond held constant across methods, length of instructional session held constant across methods) with 4 first-grade students identified by their teachers as struggling readers. Social validity of the two intervention methods also was evaluated. Results suggested important differences in response to instruction across students. Differences in effectiveness between TD and IR were minimal both when holding opportunities to respond and length of instructional session constant across methods. Minimal differences in efficiency were noted between TD and IR when holding instructional time constant across conditions. However, TD was clearly more efficient than IR for all students when holding opportunities to respond constant across conditions. Social validity data indicated that half of the students preferred the TD method and half preferred the IR method. Limitations and implications of the current study for school-based professionals are discussed.
Descriptors: Drills (Practice), Instructional Materials, Sight Method, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Efficiency, Word Recognition, Comparative Analysis, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Validity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A