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Pilonieta, Paola; Hathaway, Jennifer; Medina, Adriana; Casto, Amanda – Journal of Education, 2019
This study examined the impact of explicit comprehension strategy instruction supported by guided reading and partner reading on at-risk students' strategy knowledge and reading comprehension. Participants were 47 first graders (25 in the treatment group; 22 in the control group) and 44 second graders (19 in the treatment group; 25 in the control…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, At Risk Students
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Kung, Melody – AERA Open, 2019
The present study explores whether the relation between aspects of first-grade reading instruction and reading growth through eighth grade differed for Asian language minority (LM) children and native-English-speaking (NE) children. The sample consisted of 6,715 NEs and 242 Asian LMs, followed from first to eighth grade. Findings were as follows:…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Reading Improvement
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Hirata, Guilherme; Rocha e Oliveira, P. – Education Economics, 2019
This paper analyzes the lasting impacts of a project aimed at teaching children how to read and write at age 6. Using a Difference-in-Differences methodology, the results show that it is not enough to get children literate at age 6 to secure lasting effects; the instruction process is also an important factor: Only pupils exposed to the Phonics…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Phonics, Elementary School Students, Language Tests
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Barr, Christopher D.; Reutebuch, Colleen K.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Vaughn, Sharon; Francis, David J. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2019
Beginning in 2002, researchers developed, implemented, and evaluated the efficacy of an English reading intervention for first-grade English learners using multiple randomized control trials (RCTs). As a result of this efficacy work, researchers successfully competed for an IES Goal 4 effectiveness study using the same intervention. Unlike the…
Descriptors: Intervention, English Language Learners, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Zimmerman, Belinda S.; Rasinski, Timothy V.; Was, Christopher A.; Rawson, Katherine A.; Dunlosky, John; Kruse, Sharon D.; Nikbakht, Elham – Reading Psychology, 2019
This study investigated the efficacy of the Fluency Development Lesson (FDL) in improving reading achievement in primary grade struggling readers. 30 readers, enrolled in a summer reading clinic, participated in daily 40-min mini-reading lessons across 5 weeks. During the fluency lessons, readers practiced and developed their literacy skills…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Robinson, Joyce M. – Journal for the Advancement of Educational Research International, 2018
This paper presents an evaluation of two reading methods, phonics-based instruction and whole language learning, for English Language Learners (ELLs) and discusses the learning theories, behaviorism and constructivism that are associated with each method, respectively. The study took place in a K-12 international school, with 110 Grade 1 subjects…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Teaching Methods, Reading Achievement, Grade 2
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Chambré, Susan J.; Ehri, Linnea C.; Ness, Molly – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
Orthographic facilitation refers to the boost in vocabulary learning that is provided when spellings are shown during study periods, but not during testing. The current study examined orthographic facilitation in beginning readers and whether directing their attention to print enhances the effect. In an experiment, first graders (N = 45) were…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Vocabulary Development
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Michaud, Mélissa; Dion, Eric; Barrette, Anne; Dupéré, Véronique; Toste, Jessica – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
Theoretical models of word recognition suggest that knowing what a word means makes it easier to learn how to decode it. We tested this hypothesis with at-risk young students, a group that often responds poorly to conventional decoding instruction in which word meaning is not addressed systematically. A total of 53 first graders received explicit…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Reading Achievement, Grade 1
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January, Stacy-Ann A.; Lovelace, Mary E.; Foster, Tori E.; Ardoin, Scott P. – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2017
Strategic Incremental Rehearsal (SIR) is a recently developed flashcard intervention that blends Traditional Drill with Incremental Rehearsal (IR) for teaching sight words. The initial study evaluating SIR found it was more effective than IR for teaching sight words to first-grade students. However, that study failed to assess efficiency, which is…
Descriptors: Intervention, Visual Stimuli, Drills (Practice), Word Recognition
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Wolf, Beverly; Abbott, Robert D.; Berninger, Virginia W. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
In Study 1, the treatment group (N = 33 first graders, M = 6 years 10 months, 16 girls) received Slingerland multi-modal (auditory, visual, tactile, motor through hand, and motor through mouth) manuscript (unjoined) handwriting instruction embedded in systematic spelling, reading, and composing lessons; and the control group (N = 16 first graders,…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing Instruction, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Smith, Jean Louise M.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Kosty, Derek; Baker, Scott K. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
This study reports the results of a cluster RCT evaluating the impact of Enhanced Core Reading Instruction on reading achievement of grade 1 at-risk readers. Forty-four elementary schools, blocked by district, were randomly assigned to condition. In both conditions, at-risk readers received 90 minutes of whole-group instruction (Tier 1) plus an…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Achievement
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Wise, Nancy; D'Angelo, Nadia; Chen, Xi – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2016
The current intervention study investigated the sustained effectiveness of phonological awareness training on the reading development of 16 children in French immersion who were identified as at-risk readers based on grade 1 English measures. The intervention program provided children from three cohorts with supplemental reading in small groups on…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, French, Immersion Programs, At Risk Students
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Abdi, Yirgashewa Bekele; Therrien, William J. – Journal of International Special Needs Education, 2016
This study took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and examined the impact of explicit instruction and fluency practice of letter/sound combinations on reading Amharic letters and words. First grade students at risk for reading difficulties were assigned via stratified random assignment to treatment or control condition. Students in the treatment…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Reading Fluency, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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Baker, Doris Luft; Santoro, Lana; Biancarrosa, Gina; Baker, Scott K. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
Reading aloud to students in preschool and the early grades is ubiquitous in American classrooms and considerable research has been conducted on read aloud practices (Karweit & Wasik, 1996; Morrow & Brittain, 2003; Van Kleeck, Stahl, & Bauer, 2003; Varelas & Pappas, 2006; Wilkinson & Silliman, 2000). Compelling evidence…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Vocabulary, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Comprehension
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Ngware, Moses Waithanji; Abuya, Benta; Oketch, Moses; Admassu, Kassahun; Mutisya, Maurice; Musyoka, Peter – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2015
This paper presents the experiences and lessons learnt during the design and implementation of the randomized impact evaluation (IE) of a reading to learn (RtL) intervention in early primary grades. The study was to assess the impact of RtL on literacy and numeracy among pupils in low-performing districts in East Africa. The intervention was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Outcome Measures, Intervention, Reading Instruction
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