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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Piper, Benjamin – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
The linguistic interdependence hypothesis (Cummins, 1979, 2000) states that children's second-language (L2) proficiency is, to some extent, a function of their first-language (L1) competence. Previous studies have examined this hypothesis with focus on a unidirectional relation from L1 to L2. In the present study, we examined…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Reading Skills, Longitudinal Studies, African Languages
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Torppa, Minna; Soodla, Piret; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: The present study examined differences in the prediction of reading development and reading difficulties in Estonia (n = 348) and Finland (n = 344). These neighbouring countries share many similarities in terms of their language, orthography and educational system; however, they differ in the timing of the onset of reading instruction,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Hirata, Guilherme; Rocha e Oliveira, P. – Education Economics, 2019
This paper analyzes the lasting impacts of a project aimed at teaching children how to read and write at age 6. Using a Difference-in-Differences methodology, the results show that it is not enough to get children literate at age 6 to secure lasting effects; the instruction process is also an important factor: Only pupils exposed to the Phonics…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Phonics, Elementary School Students, Language Tests
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Åsberg Johnels, Jakob; Carlsson, Emilia; Norbury, Courtenay; Gillberg, Christopher; Miniscalco, Carmela – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study explores current reading profiles and concurrent and early predictors of reading in children with autism spectrum disorder. Before the age of 3 years, the study cohort underwent a neurodevelopmental assessment following identification in a population-based autism screening. At age 8 years, reading, language and cognition were assessed.…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Reading Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Holopainen, Leena K.; Kiuru, Noona H.; Mäkihonko, Minna K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2018
Previous studies show that many students with reading and spelling problems have a lack of progress in reading and spelling skills after years of special education services. The aim of the study is to evaluate the reading and spelling skills of Finnish children in grades 1 and 2 receiving part-time special education from special education teachers…
Descriptors: Special Education, Foreign Countries, Reading Difficulties, Spelling
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Savage, Robert; Georgiou, George; Parrila, Rauno; Maiorino, Kristina – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We evaluated two experimenter-delivered, small-group word reading programs among at-risk poor readers in Grade 1 classes of regular elementary schools using a two-arm, dual-site-matched control trial intervention. At-risk poor word readers (n = 201) were allocated to either (a) Direct Mapping and Set-for-Variability (DMSfV) or (b) Current or…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Graphemes, At Risk Students
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Häikiö, Tuomo; Heikkilä, Timo T.; Kaakinen, Johanna K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Syllabification by hyphens (e.g., hy-phen-a-tion) is a standard procedure in early Finnish reading instruction. However, recent findings indicate that hyphenation slows down children's reading already during the first grade (Häikiö, Hyönä, & Bertram, 2015, 2016). In the present study, it was examined whether this slowdown is indicative of…
Descriptors: Syllables, Finno Ugric Languages, Reading Instruction, Grade 2
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Fisher, Anthony; Carlyon, Tracey; Peter, Mira – Teacher Development, 2017
Literacy skills acquired during the first years of schooling have been recognised as the key to students' learning success. However, despite the continuing efforts by the New Zealand government and teachers there is still a large proportion of students who struggle to become literate. To address this issue the Ministry of Education funded selected…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Ability, Foreign Countries, Kindergarten
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Mattatall, Chris A. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study reports on one school district's attempt to address reading gaps in boys, Aboriginal students, and special education students at 1st grade by implementing Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) to supplement classroom reading instruction. Findings indicate that compared to previous years, when PALS was not used, students in this study…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Learning Strategies, Special Education, Grade 1
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Michaud, Mélissa; Dion, Eric; Barrette, Anne; Dupéré, Véronique; Toste, Jessica – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
Theoretical models of word recognition suggest that knowing what a word means makes it easier to learn how to decode it. We tested this hypothesis with at-risk young students, a group that often responds poorly to conventional decoding instruction in which word meaning is not addressed systematically. A total of 53 first graders received explicit…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Reading Achievement, Grade 1
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Schaars, Moniek M.; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
The present longitudinal study aimed to investigate the development of word decoding skills during incremental phonics instruction in Dutch as a transparent orthography. A representative sample of 973 Dutch children in the first grade (M[subscript age] = 6;1, SD = 0;5) was exposed to incremental subsets of Dutch grapheme-phoneme correspondences…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Phonics, Teaching Methods, Reading Instruction
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Research and clinical practitioners have mixed views whether reading and spelling difficulties should be combined or seen as separate. This study examined the following: (a) if double dissociation between reading and spelling can be identified in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and (b) the cognitive and noncognitive precursors of this…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Difficulties
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Çayir, Aybala – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The purpose of this study was to analyze primary school first grade students' reading levels and correlate their visual perception skills. For this purpose, students' reading speed, reading comprehension and reading errors were determined using The Informal Reading Inventory. Students' visual perception levels were also analyzed using…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Instruction, Visual Perception, Grade 1
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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
The present study examined the construct and predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding. In theory, a dynamic test provides a direct measure of potential for learning. In this study, children were taught 3 novel letters and how to blend the sounds of those into new words, then they were tested on different words comprising the 3 letters.…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Kindergarten, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1
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Slade, Timothy S.; Piper, Benjamin; Kaunda, Zikani; King, Simon; Ibrahim, Hibatalla – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2017
Summer learning loss--decreased academic performance following an extended school break, typically during the period after one grade ends and before another grade starts--is a well-documented phenomenon in North America, but poorly described in sub-Saharan African contexts. In this article, we use the term "grade-transition break" loss…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Literacy, Foreign Countries
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