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Torppa, Minna; Soodla, Piret; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: The present study examined differences in the prediction of reading development and reading difficulties in Estonia (n = 348) and Finland (n = 344). These neighbouring countries share many similarities in terms of their language, orthography and educational system; however, they differ in the timing of the onset of reading instruction,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Hall, Colby; Steinle, Paul K.; Vaughn, Sharon – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
This paper reviews findings from four research syntheses that report the effects of academic language and/or reading interventions on language and reading outcomes for English learners who have or are at risk for learning difficulties. Studies included in the syntheses varied in research design and addressed multiple areas of reading and language.…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, English Language Learners, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students
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Gerzel-Short, Lydia – School Community Journal, 2018
Family involvement in a child's education is vital to student success. This article presents qualitative findings from a more extensive study that examined family participation within a Response to Intervention (RtI) framework for K-1 grade students receiving Tier 2 reading interventions. RtI is a problem-solving tiered framework designed to…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Family School Relationship, Response to Intervention, Kindergarten
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Barber, Mariah; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Council, Morris, III; Konrad, Moira; Gardner, Ralph; Telesman, Alana O. – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2018
This study examined the effects of a novel computer software program, Reading RACES (Relevant and Culturally Engaging Stories), on the oral reading fluency and comprehension of three urban first graders who were English language learners (ELLs) and showed reading/special education risk. The individually administered intervention consisted of…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Culturally Relevant Education
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Savage, Robert; Georgiou, George; Parrila, Rauno; Maiorino, Kristina – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We evaluated two experimenter-delivered, small-group word reading programs among at-risk poor readers in Grade 1 classes of regular elementary schools using a two-arm, dual-site-matched control trial intervention. At-risk poor word readers (n = 201) were allocated to either (a) Direct Mapping and Set-for-Variability (DMSfV) or (b) Current or…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Graphemes, At Risk Students
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Bouton, Bobette; McConnell, John R.; Barquero, Laura A.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Compton, Donald L. – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2018
This quasi-experimental study explored a response-to-intervention (RTI) design in which Tiers 2 and 3 were inverted for the most at-risk first grade students in reading intervention in seven classrooms (n = 24) across two culturally diverse schools. These students were matched using propensity scores and compared to a second group of first grade…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Quasiexperimental Design, At Risk Students, Grade 1
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Chung, Sheila Cira; Koh, Poh Wee; Deacon, S. Hélène; Chen, Xi – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
This longitudinal study investigated the predictors of word reading in English and French for 69 children in early total French immersion from first through third grade. The influence of phonological awareness, orthographic processing, and vocabulary in English and French on the achievement and growth of word reading in the 2 languages were…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Immersion Programs, Predictor Variables, Word Recognition
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Mattatall, Chris A. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study reports on one school district's attempt to address reading gaps in boys, Aboriginal students, and special education students at 1st grade by implementing Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) to supplement classroom reading instruction. Findings indicate that compared to previous years, when PALS was not used, students in this study…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Learning Strategies, Special Education, Grade 1
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D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Lose, Mary K.; Kelly, Robert H. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2017
Though the immediate effect of Reading Recovery (RR) is both strong and well established, the longer term or sustained effect has been less studied and the evidence regarding it has been less conclusive. Michigan Reading Recovery students (n = 328) were compared to control students (n = 264) while in first (2009-2010), third (2011), and fourth…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Reading Instruction, Control Groups, Experimental Groups
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Michaud, Mélissa; Dion, Eric; Barrette, Anne; Dupéré, Véronique; Toste, Jessica – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
Theoretical models of word recognition suggest that knowing what a word means makes it easier to learn how to decode it. We tested this hypothesis with at-risk young students, a group that often responds poorly to conventional decoding instruction in which word meaning is not addressed systematically. A total of 53 first graders received explicit…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Reading Achievement, Grade 1
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Makhoul, Baha – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
In the current research we investigate the role of early phonological awareness skills on reading development in diglossic Arabic. Two-hundred and six Arabic speaking first graders, composed of 25 at-linguistic risk pupils (LR group) and 181 normally developing readers, representing the found heterogeneity in the classroom participated in this…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Semitic Languages, Grade 1, Reading Difficulties
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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
The present study examined the construct and predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding. In theory, a dynamic test provides a direct measure of potential for learning. In this study, children were taught 3 novel letters and how to blend the sounds of those into new words, then they were tested on different words comprising the 3 letters.…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Kindergarten, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1
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Madden, Nancy A.; Slavin, Robert E. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This article reports on 2 experiments in inner-city Baltimore evaluating a computer-assisted tutoring approach, Tutoring With Alphie (TWA), in which 1 paraprofessional can work with up to 6 children at a time. In Study 1, we randomly assigned 14 schools to receive TWA or to continue with whatever approaches they were currently using. Each…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Technology, Tutoring, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Hall, Cristin M.; Welsh, Janet A.; Bierman, Karen L.; Nix, Robert – Psychology in the Schools, 2016
The association between social withdrawal, school adjustment, and academic functioning in preschool and school entry is well-established. Children who experience social withdrawal in primary grades are at risk for decreased academic performance. The bidirectional relationships among early literacy and social withdrawal in primary grades have not…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Withdrawal (Psychology), Reading Achievement, At Risk Students
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Smith, Jean Louise M.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Kosty, Derek; Baker, Scott K. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
This study reports the results of a cluster RCT evaluating the impact of Enhanced Core Reading Instruction on reading achievement of grade 1 at-risk readers. Forty-four elementary schools, blocked by district, were randomly assigned to condition. In both conditions, at-risk readers received 90 minutes of whole-group instruction (Tier 1) plus an…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Achievement
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