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Savage, Robert; Georgiou, George; Parrila, Rauno; Maiorino, Kristina – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We evaluated two experimenter-delivered, small-group word reading programs among at-risk poor readers in Grade 1 classes of regular elementary schools using a two-arm, dual-site-matched control trial intervention. At-risk poor word readers (n = 201) were allocated to either (a) Direct Mapping and Set-for-Variability (DMSfV) or (b) Current or…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Graphemes, At Risk Students
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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
The present study examined the construct and predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding. In theory, a dynamic test provides a direct measure of potential for learning. In this study, children were taught 3 novel letters and how to blend the sounds of those into new words, then they were tested on different words comprising the 3 letters.…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Kindergarten, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1
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Verhagen, W.; Aarnoutse, C.; van Leeuwe, J. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2008
Influences of phonological awareness and naming speed on the speed and accuracy of Dutch children's word recognition were investigated in a longitudinal study. The speed and accuracy of word recognition at the ends of Grades 1 and 2 were predicted by naming speed from both the beginning and end of Grade 1, after control for autoregressive…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Word Recognition, Vocabulary Development, Grade 1
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Underwood, Phyllis S. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2007
This study examines the relation of language arts instruction to students' letter-word reading skill growth from the beginning of 1st grade to the end of 2nd grade using cross-classified random effects models. Amounts of teacher-managed, code-focused instruction in 1st and 2nd grade each uniquely predicted students' letter-word reading skill…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Grade 2, Reading Instruction, Reading Skills
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Piasta, Shayne B.; Connor, Carol McDonald; Fishman, Barry J.; Morrison, Frederick J. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2009
We examined the relations of teacher knowledge (n = 42 first-grade teachers), explicit decoding instruction provided, and students' (n = 437) word-reading gains. Results revealed an interaction between teacher knowledge and observed decoding instruction: For students of more knowledgeable teachers, more time in explicit instruction predicted…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Decoding (Reading), Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1
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Jenkins, Joseph R.; Peyton, Julia A.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Vadasy, Patricia F. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2004
At-risk 1st graders were randomly assigned to tutoring in more or less decodable texts, and instruction in the same phonics program. The more decodable group (n = 39) read storybooks that were consistent with the phonics program. The less decodable group (n = 40) read storybooks written without phonetic control. During the first 30 lessons,…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Tutoring, Story Reading, Phonics