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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
The present study examined the construct and predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding. In theory, a dynamic test provides a direct measure of potential for learning. In this study, children were taught 3 novel letters and how to blend the sounds of those into new words, then they were tested on different words comprising the 3 letters.…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Kindergarten, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1
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van Otterloo, Sandra G.; van der Leij, Aryan – Annals of Dyslexia, 2009
Children (5 and 6 years old, n = 30) at familial risk of dyslexia received a home-based intervention that focused on phoneme awareness and letter knowledge in the year prior to formal reading instruction. The children were compared to a no-training at-risk control group (n = 27), which was selected a year earlier. After training, we found a small…
Descriptors: Intervention, Phonemes, Dyslexia, Foreign Countries
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Verhagen, W.; Aarnoutse, C.; van Leeuwe, J. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2008
Influences of phonological awareness and naming speed on the speed and accuracy of Dutch children's word recognition were investigated in a longitudinal study. The speed and accuracy of word recognition at the ends of Grades 1 and 2 were predicted by naming speed from both the beginning and end of Grade 1, after control for autoregressive…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Word Recognition, Vocabulary Development, Grade 1