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Torppa, Minna; Soodla, Piret; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: The present study examined differences in the prediction of reading development and reading difficulties in Estonia (n = 348) and Finland (n = 344). These neighbouring countries share many similarities in terms of their language, orthography and educational system; however, they differ in the timing of the onset of reading instruction,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Holopainen, Leena K.; Kiuru, Noona H.; Mäkihonko, Minna K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2018
Previous studies show that many students with reading and spelling problems have a lack of progress in reading and spelling skills after years of special education services. The aim of the study is to evaluate the reading and spelling skills of Finnish children in grades 1 and 2 receiving part-time special education from special education teachers…
Descriptors: Special Education, Foreign Countries, Reading Difficulties, Spelling
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Research and clinical practitioners have mixed views whether reading and spelling difficulties should be combined or seen as separate. This study examined the following: (a) if double dissociation between reading and spelling can be identified in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and (b) the cognitive and noncognitive precursors of this…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Difficulties
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Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Kiuru, Noona; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Niemi, Pekka; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Ahonen, Timo; Leskinen, Esko; Lyyra, Anna-Liisa – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
This study examined the extent to which first grade teachers adapt their reading instruction to the literacy skills of particular children in their classroom, and investigated whether teacher and classroom characteristics influence such adaptation. Three hundred seven Finnish children were tested with regard to their literacy skills at the end of…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Instruction, Grade 1, Teacher Characteristics
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Hirvonen, Riikka; Georgiou, George K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Journal of Research in Reading, 2010
The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to examine the effect of task-focused behaviour on reading fluency, spelling and comprehension; and (b) to examine the role of the different literacy skills in subsequent task-focused behaviour. Two hundred and seven Finnish-speaking children were followed from preschool until their fourth year at school…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Spelling, Reading Fluency, Literacy
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Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Learning and Instruction, 2004
This study examined children's reading performance and its developmental trajectories during the first and the second grade. Ninety children were tested five times on word reading and reading comprehension. Qualitatively different groups were identified through cluster analysis: Competent, Technical, and Poor Readers. The results showed that the…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Multivariate Analysis, Grade 2
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Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2004
This study investigates prospective relationships between phonemic awareness and reading performance during the first year of Finnish primary school. Pedagogical interest lay in finding out whether systematic use of phonics in reading instruction supported children's reading performance even if children can already decode. A total of 85 children…
Descriptors: Phonemics, Reading Achievement, Phonemic Awareness, Reading Skills