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Van Goch, Merel M.; Verhoeven, Ludo; McQueen, James M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In lexical development, the specificity of phonological representations is important. The ability to build phonologically specific lexical representations predicts the number of words a child knows (vocabulary breadth), but it is not clear if it also fosters how well words are known (vocabulary depth). Sixty-six children were studied in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Prediction, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Baker, Joshua N.; Rivera, Christopher; Devine, Stephanie; Mason, Lee – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2019
This article provides six fundamental steps for using a task analysis to teach emergent literacy skills to young learners with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared to general education peers, students with ASD score lower on reading measures and often have difficulty acquiring literacy skills via the instruction methods used in typical…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Task Analysis
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Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Catsambis, Sophia – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Ability grouping has resurged in U.S. schools despite long-standing debates over its consequences for educational equity. Proponents argue that it is the best response to variation in academic skills because it allows teachers to customize the content and pace of instruction to students' diverse needs. Critics answer that this practice…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Equal Education, Reading Instruction, Primary Education
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The age at which children can enter kindergarten continues to be discussed in both educational research and practice, and the debate for whether to increase kindergarten entry age remains active on both sides. A critical oversight has been the lack of attention paid towards entry age for those students who begin school with a…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Kindergarten, Disabilities, Children
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Zeytinoglu, Selin; Calkins, Susan D.; Leerkes, Esther M. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
Cognitive flexibility is a sophisticated form of executive functions that predicts a range of adaptive outcomes; however, little is known about which caregiving behaviors predict the rapid improvements in children's cognitive flexibility during early childhood. This study examined whether ordinary variations in mothers' provision of emotional and…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Early Childhood Education, Mothers, Cognitive Ability
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Rumsey, Chepina; Guarino, Jody; Gildea, Rachael; Cho, Christina Y.; Lockhart, Bethany – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2019
Early career K-grade 2 teachers in a yearlong project explored discourse and mathematical argumentation through monthly professional development (PD) sessions. The goal of the project was to develop an understanding of the types of K-grade 2 tasks that promote argumentation, the types of discourse and argumentation that K-grade 2 students engage…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Primary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Tsuda, Emi; Chang, Seung Ho – Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2019
This article introduces a sequence of movement tasks to teach one-handed sidearm striking with a short implement to preK- to second-grade children. Although one-handed sidearm striking is a complex skill, learning this skill during early childhood would expand future opportunities for children to engage in various lifetime physical activities.
Descriptors: Physical Education, Psychomotor Skills, Grade 2, Grade 1
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Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Smolkowski, Keith; Turtura, Jessica; Kosty, Derek; Kurtz-Nelson, Evangeline; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K. – Exceptional Children, 2019
This study examined the role of initial skill in moderating intervention effects of a 50-lesson mathematics intervention program, ROOTS, for at-risk kindergarten students focused on developing whole-number concepts and skills. The study utilized a randomized block design with at-risk students (n = 592) within classrooms (n = 60) randomly assigned…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten
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Ghanaat Pisheh, Etrat AlZahra; NejatyJahromy, Yaser; Gargari, Rahim Badri; Hashemi, Touraj; Fathi-Azar, Eskandar – Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 2019
The effect of the implementation of student response systems (SRSs) in teaching on the critical thinking (CT) of young students was investigated. The study benefited from a quasi-experimental design and a pretest/posttest set-up. Subjects consisted of 156 K-8 students in Tehran during 2016-2017, selected through a multistage cluster sampling, and…
Descriptors: Audience Response Systems, Handheld Devices, Educational Technology, Elementary Education
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Bar-Kochva, Irit; Nevo, Einat – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Phonological awareness has been found to be strongly related to spelling. Findings on the relations between rapid-naming and spelling are less consistent and have been suggested to be shared with speed of processing. This study set out to examine these relations in spelling and reading of Hebrew. Children attending the regular educational system…
Descriptors: Naming, Phonological Awareness, Spelling, Elementary School Students
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Murray, Bruce A.; McIlwain, Mary Jane; Wang, Chih-hsuan; Murray, Geralyn; Finley, Stacie – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Learning irregular words involves mental marking of irregular letters in the spelling, a process not fully understood. In a within-subjects experiment, we manipulated the type of scaffolding given to beginning readers to evoke mental marking. We pretested to sort 103 kindergarten and first-grade participants into sequential decoders, who decode…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Emergent Literacy
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Doabler, Christian T.; Clarke, Ben; Kosty, Derek; Kurtz-Nelson, Evangeline; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Baker, Scott K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Group size and treatment intensity are understudied topics in mathematics intervention research. This study examined whether the treatment intensity and overall intervention effects of an empirically validated Tier 2 mathematics intervention varied between intervention groups with 2:1 and 5:1 student-teacher ratios. Student practice opportunities…
Descriptors: Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems
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Bojczyk, Kathryn E.; Haverback, Heather Rogers; Pae, Hye K.; Hairston, Marcy; Haring, Christa D. – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between parents' home literacy practices and the literacy skills of young children at risk for reading difficulties. Participants included 198 kindergarten and first-grade students and their parents. Children were enrolled in two Title I schools in an urban setting. Parents completed the…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Emergent Literacy, Cultural Capital
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Nelson, Larry J.; Evans-Stout, Cortney – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs about and responses to children's withdrawn behaviors (reticence and solitary-passive behavior) and aggressive behaviors (relational and physical aggression) on the playground across grades (preschool through 2nd grade) and by gender. Participants included 171 female…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, Withdrawal (Psychology), Aggression
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Low, Sabina; Smolkowski, Keith; Cook, Clayton; Desfosses, Danielle – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the impact of a commonly adopted elementary universal social-emotional learning program, Second Step, on student social-emotional and academic outcomes following 2 years of implementation. The cluster-randomized wait-list control trial included 61 schools, 321 teachers, and 8,941 early elementary students across 2 states, with…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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