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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau; Ho, Connie Suk-Han – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Arithmetic word-problem solving is an important component of elementary mathematics curricula that links school mathematics to real-life problem solving. The present 3-year longitudinal study examined children's arithmetic word-problem solving through understanding its 2 component processes: number-sentence construction and computation. Chinese…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Correlation
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
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Hipfner-Boucher, Kathleen; Pasquarella, Adrian; Chen, Xi; Deacon, S. Hélène – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Cognate awareness is the ability to recognize the cognate relationship between words in two etymologically related languages. The current study examined the development of cognate awareness and its contribution to French (second language) reading comprehension among Canadian French immersion children. Eighty-one students were tested at the end of…
Descriptors: French, Immersion Programs, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities