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Morris, Darrell; Pennell, Ashley M.; Perney, Jan; Trathen, Woodrow – Reading Psychology, 2018
This study compared reading rate to reading fluency (as measured by a rating scale). After listening to first graders read short passages, we assigned an overall fluency rating (low, average, or high) to each reading. We then used predictive discriminant analyses to determine which of five measures--accuracy, rate (objective); accuracy, phrasing,…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Prediction, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Asadi, Ibrahim A.; Khateb, Asaid – Reading Psychology, 2017
This study examined the orthographic transparency of Arabic by investigating the contribution of phonological awareness (PA), vocabulary, and Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) to reading vowelized and unvowelized words. The results from first and second grade children showed that PA contribution was similar in the vowelized and unvowelized…
Descriptors: Vowels, Semitic Languages, Vocabulary Development, Phonological Awareness