ERIC Number: EJ1148936
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Math-Related Career Aspirations and Choices within Eccles Et Al.'s Expectancy--Value Theory of Achievement-Related Behaviors
Lauermann, Fani; Tsai, Yi-Miau; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.
Developmental Psychology, v53 n8 p1540-1559 Aug 2017
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on the math domain. We examined two aspects of Eccles et al.'s (1983) expectancy--value theory of achievement-related behaviors: (a) the reciprocal associations between adolescents' expectancy and subjective task value beliefs and adolescents' career plans and (b) the multiplicative association between expectancies and values in predicting occupational outcomes in the math domain. Our analyses indicate that adolescents' expectancy and subjective task value beliefs about math and their math- or science-related career plans reported at the beginning and end of high school predict each other over time, with the exception of intrinsic interest in math. Furthermore, multiplicative associations between adolescents' expectancy and subjective task value beliefs about math predict math-related career attainment approximately 15 years after graduation from high school. Gender differences emerged regarding career-related beliefs and career attainment, with male students being more likely than female to both pursue and attain math-related careers. These gender differences could not be explained by differences in beliefs about math as an academic subject.
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice, Gender Differences, Adolescents, Correlation, Beliefs, Mathematics, Adolescent Attitudes, Student Interests, Expectation, Predictor Variables, STEM Education, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 4, Grade 9, Grade 12, Public Schools, Career Development
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; High Schools; Grade 12
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan