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Lee, Kerry; Bull, Rebecca – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Children with higher working memory or updating (WMU) capacity perform better in math. What is less clear is whether and how this relation varies with grade. Children (N = 673, kindergarten to Grade 9) participated in a 4-year cross-sequential study. Data from 3 WMU (Listening Recall, Mr. X, and an updating task) and a standardized math task…
Descriptors: Children, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Achievement, Adolescents
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Wei, Tianlan; Liu, Xun; Barnard-Brak, Lucy – Research in Education, 2015
This study examined children's trajectories of mathematics and reading achievements from kindergarten to eighth grade along with the gender differences in these trajectories. A total of 8503 participants drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) formed the sample of the study. The results of the latent growth…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Gender Differences, Correlation
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Swanson, Jodi; Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; Bradley, Robert H.; Eggum-Wilkens, Natalie D. – Child Development, 2014
Panel mediation models and fixed-effects models were used to explore longitudinal relations among parents' reactions to children's displays of negative emotions, children's effortful control (EC), and children's math achievement (N = 291; M age in fall of kindergarten = 5.66 years, SD = 0.39 year) across kindergarten through…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parent Attitudes, Emotional Response, Child Behavior
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Clements, Douglas H.; Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2013
In this Appendix, we provide details about the data used for the current study, the curricula used in the classrooms from which data were collected, and the current study's methodological approach. (Contains 14 tables and 5 footnotes.)[For full report, see ED544189.]
Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Achievement, Institutional Characteristics
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Bodovski, Katerina; Youn, Min-Jong – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2011
Using the recently available wave of a large nationally representative sample of American elementary school children (ECLS-K data), this study examined the relationship between 6-7 year old students' behaviors exhibited in the 1st grade (approaches to learning, interpersonal skills, externalizing and internalizing behavior) and their reading and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Interaction, Grade 5
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Sektnan, Michaella; McClelland, Megan M.; Acock, Alan; Morrison, Frederick J. – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2010
This study examined relations among early family risk, children's behavioral regulation at 54 months and kindergarten, and academic achievement in first grade using data on 1298 children from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Family risk was indexed by ethnic…
Descriptors: Family Income, Structural Equation Models, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Jordan, Nancy C.; Glutting, Joseph; Ramineni, Chaitanya – Learning and Individual Differences, 2010
Children's symbolic number sense was examined at the beginning of first grade with a short screen of competencies related to counting, number knowledge, and arithmetic operations. Conventional mathematics achievement was then assessed at the end of both first and third grades. Controlling for age and cognitive abilities (i.e., language, spatial,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 1, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction
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McWayne, Christine M.; Green, Linnie E.; Fantuzzo, John W. – Applied Developmental Science, 2009
The present longitudinal study employed two distinctive approaches (variable-oriented and person-oriented) to examine low-income children's academic and social functioning across the important transition from pre-k to first grade. Participants included 152 former urban Head Start children. Variable-oriented and person-oriented approaches were…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Disadvantaged Youth, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Grissom, James B. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2004
There is continuing controversy about the optimal or appropriate age at which children should start school. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between age and achievement. It is an attempt to evaluate the hypothesis that older students fare better academically than their younger classmates. Findings indicate that on average…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Academic Achievement, Educational Change, Reading Achievement