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Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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Wagner, Nicholas; Mills-Koonce, Roger; Willoughby, Michael; Propper, Cathi; Rehder, Peter; Gueron-Sela, Noa – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Extant literature suggests that oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors in childhood and adolescence are associated with distinct patterns of psychophysiological functioning, and that individual differences in these patterns have implications for developmental pathways to disorder. Very little is known about the…
Descriptors: Infants, Correlation, Behavior Disorders, Emotional Disturbances
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Guo, Ying; Sun, Shuyan; Breit-Smith, Allison; Morrison, Frederick J.; Connor, Carol McDonald – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, this study examined the cross-lagged relations between behavioral engagement and reading achievement in elementary school and whether these cross-lagged relations differed between low-socioeconomic status (SES) and mid-…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Learner Engagement, Student Behavior, Reading Achievement
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McKinnon, Rachel D.; Blair, Clancy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Teacher-child relationships have been linked to children's classroom engagement and to academic achievement. However, researchers have paid minimal attention to individual child factors that predict the development of these relationships. In the current study, we examined executive function (EF) prior to school entry as a predictor of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Executive Function
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Hedges, Larry V.; Hedberg, E. C. – Evaluation Review, 2013
Background: Cluster-randomized experiments that assign intact groups such as schools or school districts to treatment conditions are increasingly common in educational research. Such experiments are inherently multilevel designs whose sensitivity (statistical power and precision of estimates) depends on the variance decomposition across levels.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Experiments, Statistical Analysis
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Wagner, Nicholas J.; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Willoughby, Michael T.; Zvara, Bharathi; Cox, Martha J. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Data from a large prospective longitudinal study (n = 1,239) was used to investigate the association between observed sensitive parenting in early childhood and children's representations of family relationships as measured by the Family Drawing Paradigm (FDP) in first grade as well as the extent to which these representations partially mediate…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Young Children
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Eppler, Marion A.; Ironsmith, Marsha; Dingle, Stephanie H.; Errickson, Marissa A. – Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 2011
Freshman honors students in a service-learning course tutored low-income English Language Learning kindergartners, first-, and second-graders in reading. We conducted two separate data collections, one assessing college students' attitudes and motives (Study 1) and one exploring the benefits for elementary school children (Study 2). We measured…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, College Freshmen, Student Attitudes, Social Attitudes
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Pianta, Robert C.; Belsky, Jay; Vandergrift, Nathan; Houts, Renate; Morrison, Fred J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2008
This nonexperimental, longitudinal field study examines the extent to which variation in observed classroom supports (quality of emotional and instructional interactions and amount of exposure to literacy and math activities) predicts trajectories of achievement in reading and math from 54 months to fifth grade. Growth mixture modeling detected…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Literacy