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Lauermann, Fani; Tsai, Yi-Miau; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice, Gender Differences, Adolescents
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Wang, Guanghai; Ren, Fen; Liu, Zhijun; Xu, Guangxing; Jiang, Fan; Skora, Elizabeth; Lewin, Daniel S. – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: Deficient sleep is linked to detrimental outcomes in health and school performance for adolescents. This study characterized sleep patterns in Chinese adolescents preparing for the College Entrance Exam (CEE) and evaluated the association between sleep patterns, self-rated academic performance, and the CEE scores. Methods: A sample of…
Descriptors: Sleep, Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
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Aksu, Gökhan; Koruklu, Nermin – Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 2015
Problem Statement: One of the main goals of education is to nurture individuals who know and improve themselves; who is well educated and have scientific perspective; who have developed communal coherency level; who are active, democratic and respectful to human rights. At the present time, according to an up to date mentality in mathematics…
Descriptors: Vocational High Schools, Computer Software, Mathematics Achievement, Student Attitudes
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Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Chisholm, Courtney A. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Three complementary models of how peer relationship problems (exclusion and victimization) and aggressive behaviors relate to prospective levels of internalizing problems are examined. The additive risks model proposes that peer problems and aggression cumulatively increase risks for internalizing problems. The reciprocal risks model hypothesizes…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Isolation, Victims, Aggression
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McCormick, Meghan P.; O'Connor, Erin E.; Cappella, Elise; McClowry, Sandee G. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
A robust body of research has identified associations between positive teacher-child relationships--characterized by high levels of closeness and low levels of conflict--and children's academic achievement in elementary school (e.g. Roorda, 2012). Additional studies find that high-quality teacher-child relationships may promote academic resilience…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Correlation
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Hedges, Larry V.; Hedberg, E. C. – Evaluation Review, 2013
Background: Cluster-randomized experiments that assign intact groups such as schools or school districts to treatment conditions are increasingly common in educational research. Such experiments are inherently multilevel designs whose sensitivity (statistical power and precision of estimates) depends on the variance decomposition across levels.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Experiments, Statistical Analysis
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Leopold, Daniel R.; Christopher, Micaela E.; Burns, G. Leonard; Becker, Stephen P.; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Although multiple cross-sectional studies have shown symptoms of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to be statistically distinct, studies have yet to examine the temporal stability and measurement invariance of SCT in a longitudinal sample. To date, only six studies have assessed SCT…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Longitudinal Studies, Cognitive Processes, Children
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Sparks, Richard L.; Patton, Jon; Ganschow, Leonore; Humbach, Nancy – Applied Psycholinguistics, 2009
Fifty-four students were followed over 10 years beginning in first grade to determine best predictors of oral and written second language (L2) proficiency. Predictor variables included measures of first language (L1) skill administered in first through fifth grades, L1 academic aptitude, L2 aptitude (Modern Language Aptitude Test), and L2 affect…
Descriptors: Second Languages, Predictor Variables, Aptitude Tests, Decoding (Reading)
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Grissom, James B. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2004
There is continuing controversy about the optimal or appropriate age at which children should start school. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between age and achievement. It is an attempt to evaluate the hypothesis that older students fare better academically than their younger classmates. Findings indicate that on average…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Academic Achievement, Educational Change, Reading Achievement