ERIC Number: EJ1039529
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Teacher Involvement as a Protective Factor from the Association between Race-Based Bullying and Smoking Initiation
Earnshaw, Valerie A.; Rosenthal, Lisa; Carroll-Scott, Amy; Peters, Susan M.; McCaslin, Catherine; Ickovics, Jeannette R.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v17 n2 p197-209 Jun 2014
Experiencing bullying as a victim is associated with negative health and health behavior outcomes, including substance use, among adolescents. However, understandings of protective factors--factors that enhance adolescents' resilience to the negative consequences of bullying--remain limited. The current study investigates whether teacher involvement protects adolescent students from the association between being bullied due to race and smoking initiation. Students were recruited from 12 Kindergarten through 8th grade schools in an urban school district in the Northeast United States. The analytic sample included 769 students who responded to surveys in 5th or 6th grade (2009), and two years later in 7th or 8th grade (2011). Students primarily identified as Latino and/or Black, and 90% were eligible for free or reduced lunch. Fifty-four (7%) students initiated smoking between survey time points. Among students reporting lower teacher involvement, race-based bullying was associated with higher likelihood of smoking initiation (OR = 1.69, p = 0.03). In contrast, among students reporting higher teacher involvement, race-based bullying was not associated with higher likelihood of smoking initiation (OR = 0.95, p = 0.81). Results suggest that teacher involvement may protect students from the association between race-based bullying and smoking initiation. Enhancing teacher involvement among students experiencing race-based bullying in schools may limit smoking initiation.
Descriptors: Smoking, Bullying, Race, Correlation, Teacher Role, Urban Schools, Student Surveys, Student Attitudes, Victims, Teacher Student Relationship, Lunch Programs, Hispanic American Students, African American Students, School Districts, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 1; Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools; Grade 6; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 8
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A