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Sparks, Richard L.; Patton, Jon; Ganschow, Leonore; Humbach, Nancy – Applied Psycholinguistics, 2009
Fifty-four students were followed over 10 years beginning in first grade to determine best predictors of oral and written second language (L2) proficiency. Predictor variables included measures of first language (L1) skill administered in first through fifth grades, L1 academic aptitude, L2 aptitude (Modern Language Aptitude Test), and L2 affect…
Descriptors: Second Languages, Predictor Variables, Aptitude Tests, Decoding (Reading)