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Washington, Julie A.; Branum-Martin, Lee; Lee-James, Ryan; Sun, Congying – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
This investigation examined the gender gap in language and reading skills in a sample of low-income African American boys compared to African American girls from the same neighborhoods and schools. Using a longitudinal, accelerated cohort design, we used individual growth curve models to evaluate the reading and language performance of 1st through…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, African American Students, Males, Grade 1
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Russell, Jeannette; Drake Shiffler, Molly – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Researchers consistently find a correlation between low literacy levels and high school dropout rates, expulsion, reading achievement, and failing grades for African American males. Low literacy achievement in African American males may result from multiple factors, including dialectic linguistic differences and/or phonological awareness…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Reading Achievement, Intervention, Phonology
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Morris, Darrell; Perney, Jan – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
After considering the relationships between (a) reading fluency and reading rate and (b) reading rate and sight vocabulary, this study addressed a very practical question. Can a cut score on a sight vocabulary task (1-min) predict level of reading fluency 4+ months into the future? The prediction was tested at multiple times point across grades…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Sight Method, Sight Vocabulary, Predictive Validity
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Traga Philippakos, Zoi A.; MacArthur, Charles A.; Munsell, Sarah – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
Argumentation is challenging for young learners. We used design research to develop an intervention that was based on principles of dialogic argumentation and strategy instruction and used genre elements to guide planning and evaluation for revision. Instruction included oral discussion of children's books, written responses to reading, and the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Mattatall, Chris A. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study reports on one school district's attempt to address reading gaps in boys, Aboriginal students, and special education students at 1st grade by implementing Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) to supplement classroom reading instruction. Findings indicate that compared to previous years, when PALS was not used, students in this study…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Learning Strategies, Special Education, Grade 1
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Michaud, Mélissa; Dion, Eric; Barrette, Anne; Dupéré, Véronique; Toste, Jessica – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
Theoretical models of word recognition suggest that knowing what a word means makes it easier to learn how to decode it. We tested this hypothesis with at-risk young students, a group that often responds poorly to conventional decoding instruction in which word meaning is not addressed systematically. A total of 53 first graders received explicit…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Reading Achievement, Grade 1
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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros Fatima – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between elementary classroom (N = 50) reading activities in Year 1 and reading performance (i.e., passage comprehension, letter-word identification, and word attack) 1 year later for English language learners (ELLs; N = 270). A cross-classification hierarchical model indicated that compared to other reading…
Descriptors: Reading Assignments, English Language Learners, Reading Achievement, Predictor Variables
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Madden, Nancy A.; Slavin, Robert E. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This article reports on 2 experiments in inner-city Baltimore evaluating a computer-assisted tutoring approach, Tutoring With Alphie (TWA), in which 1 paraprofessional can work with up to 6 children at a time. In Study 1, we randomly assigned 14 schools to receive TWA or to continue with whatever approaches they were currently using. Each…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Technology, Tutoring, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Gatlin, Brandy; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
We examined the effects of transcription instruction for students in 1st grade. We selected students in the lowest 70% of the participating schools for the study. We randomly assigned these 81 students to (a) spelling instruction, (b) handwriting instruction, (c) combination spelling and handwriting instruction, or (d) no intervention.…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Writing Instruction, Intervention, Spelling
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Kartal, Günizi; Babür, Nalan; Erçetin, Gülcan – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
The main goal of this study was to investigate the effects of an experimental program designed to develop the phonological awareness (PA) skills of beginning readers in Turkish, an orthographically transparent language. We administered pre-, post-, and follow-up tests to assess the PA skills of 113 first graders and kindergartners in 2…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Turkish, Control Groups, Program Effectiveness
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Mendez, Linda M. Raffaele; Pelzmann, Catherine A.; Frank, Michael J. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
In this study, we piloted a Tier 2 intervention designed to improve reading skills among struggling early readers using an intervention that included SRA Reading Mastery, listening-while-reading activities, strategies to increase motivation and engagement in reading, and parent involvement in reading homework. The study included 6 students in…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Programs, Reading Instruction, Grade 1
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Fedora, Pledger M. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
This study used secondary data to test the double-deficit hypothesis that rapid automatized naming (RAN) deficits and phonological awareness (PA) deficits are 2 core reading-related deficits and that students exhibiting deficits in both areas would be the most severely impaired in entry-level reading ability. Specifically, this study investigated…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Reading Difficulties, Naming, Phonological Awareness
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Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine 4 early writing measures used to monitor the early writing progress of 1st-grade students. We administered the measures to 23 1st-grade students biweekly for a total of 16 weeks. We obtained 3-min samples and conducted analyses for each 1-min increment. We scored samples using 2 different methods: correct…
Descriptors: Progress Monitoring, Curriculum Based Assessment, Writing Tests, Outcome Measures
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Bigozzi, Lucia; Tarchi, Christian; Pinto, Giuliana; Accorti Gamannossi, Beatrice – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
We conducted this prospective cohort study to explore the predictability of dyslexia from 1st-grade literacy skills in Italian students. We followed 407 Italian students in primary school from the 1st through the 3rd grades. Students were diagnosed with dyslexia in the 3rd grade. We retrospectively tested participants' 1st-grade performance in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Keesey, Susan; Bennett, Jessica G.; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
The ratings and rationales primary-age urban learners gave culturally relevant reading passages was the focus of this descriptive study. First- and second-grade students each read 30 researcher-developed passages reflecting the students' immediate and historical backgrounds. The students rated the passages and gave a reason for their ratings. A…
Descriptors: Cultural Relevance, Literature, Grade 1, Grade 2
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