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Vukovic, Rose K.; Lesaux, Nonie K. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2013
This longitudinal study examined how language ability relates to mathematical development in a linguistically and ethnically diverse sample of children from 6 to 9 years of age. Study participants were 75 native English speakers and 92 language minority learners followed from first to fourth grades. Autoregression in a structural equation modeling…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics, Language, Children
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Kruk, Richard S.; Bergman, Krista – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2013
Reciprocal relations between emerging morphological processes and reading skills were examined in a longitudinal study tracking children from Grade 1 through Grade 3. The aim was to examine predictive relationships between productive morphological processing involving composing and decomposing of inflections and derivations, reading ability for…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading), Phonological Awareness, Grade 3
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Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2013
This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade--the first year reading is taught in school--and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading), Correlation
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Jared, Debra; Cormier, Pierre; Levy, Betty Ann; Wade-Woolley, Lesly – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2013
We investigated whether young English-French biliterate children can distinguish between English and French orthographic patterns. Children in French immersion programs were asked to play a dictionary game when they were in Grade 2 and again when they were in Grade 3. They were shown pseudowords that contained either an English spelling pattern or…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Children, Orthographic Symbols, English
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Perez, Trecy Martinez; Majerus, Steve; Poncelet, Martine – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
Early reading acquisition skills have been linked to verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity. However, the nature of this relationship remains controversial because verbal STM, like reading acquisition, depends on the complexity of underlying phonological processing skills. This longitudinal study addressed the relation between STM and reading…
Descriptors: Evidence, Reading Difficulties, Early Reading, Reading Tests
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Kim, Young-Suk; Wagner, Richard K.; Lopez, Danielle – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
From a developmental framework, relations among list reading fluency, oral and silent reading fluency, listening comprehension, and reading comprehension might be expected to change as children's reading skills develop. We examined developmental relations among these constructs in a latent-variable longitudinal study of first and second graders.…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, Silent Reading, Reading Fluency
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Bailey, Drew H.; Littlefield, Andrew; Geary, David C. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
The ability to retrieve basic arithmetic facts from long-term memory contributes to individual and perhaps sex differences in mathematics achievement. The current study tracked the codevelopment of preference for using retrieval over other strategies to solve single-digit addition problems, independent of accuracy, and skilled use of retrieval…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Grades (Scholastic), Mathematics Achievement, Short Term Memory
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Geary, David C.; Hoard, Mary K.; Nugent, Lara – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
Children's (N = 275) use of retrieval, decomposition (e.g., 7 = 4+3 and thus 6+7 = 6+4+3), and counting to solve additional problems was longitudinally assessed from first grade to fourth grade, and intelligence, working memory, and in-class attentive behavior was assessed in one or several grades. The goal was to assess the relation between…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Mathematics Achievement, Short Term Memory, Grade 4
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Sigelman, Carol K. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
In an examination guided by cognitive developmental and attribution theory of how explanations of wealth and poverty and perceptions of rich and poor people change with age and are interrelated, 6-, 10-, and 14-year-olds (N = 88) were asked for their causal attributions and trait judgments concerning a rich man and a poor man. First graders, like…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Poverty, Grade 1, Grade 9
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Boyer, Ty W.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
The current experiments examined the role of scale factor in children's proportional reasoning. Experiment 1 used a choice task and Experiment 2 used a production task to examine the abilities of kindergartners through fourth-graders to match equivalent, visually depicted proportional relations. The findings of both experiments show that accuracy…
Descriptors: Scaling, Measures (Individuals), Mathematical Concepts, Task Analysis
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Simmons, Fiona R.; Willis, Catherine; Adams, Anne-Marie – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
A comprehensive working memory battery and tests of mathematical skills were administered to 90 children--41 in Year 1 (5-6 years of age) and 49 in Year 3 (7-8 years of age). Working memory could explain statistically significant variance in number writing, magnitude judgment, and single-digit arithmetic, but the different components of working…
Descriptors: Phonology, Short Term Memory, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills
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Hughes, Claire; Ensor, Rosie – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
Building on an existing latent variable analysis of executive function (EF) in children (N=191, 57% boys and 43% girls) making the transition to school (Hughes et al. (2010), "Developmental Neuropsychology", vol. 35, pp. 20-36), the current study both documented average developmental improvements from 4 to 6 years of age and examined individual…
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Individual Differences, Verbal Ability, Neuropsychology
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Defever, Emmy; Sasanguie, Delphine; Gebuis, Titia; Reynvoet, Bert – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
How people process and represent magnitude has often been studied using number comparison tasks. From the results of these tasks, a comparison distance effect (CDE) is generated, showing that it is easier to discriminate two numbers that are numerically further apart (e.g., 2 and 8) compared with numerically closer numbers (e.g., 6 and 8).…
Descriptors: Models, Mathematics Tests, Kindergarten, Grade 6
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Monette, Sebastien; Bigras, Marc; Guay, Marie-Claude – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the role of executive functions (EFs) in early school achievement when a variety of potential confounding factors were controlled. Measures of EF (inhibition, flexibility, and working memory) and school readiness were administered to a sample of 85 kindergartners (39 boys and 46 girls, 5-6 years old). School…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Academic Achievement, Inhibition, Short Term Memory
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De Smedt, Bert; Gilmore, Camilla K. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
This study examined numerical magnitude processing in first graders with severe and mild forms of mathematical difficulties, children with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD) and children with low achievement (LA) in mathematics, respectively. In total, 20 children with MLD, 21 children with LA, and 41 regular achievers completed a numerical…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Learning Disabilities, Low Achievement, Grade 1
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