ERIC Number: EJ1079891
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of Mediators in the Development of Longitudinal Mathematics Achievement Associations
Watts, Tyler W.; Duncan, Greg J.; Chen, Meichu; Claessens, Amy; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; Duckworth, Kathryn; Engel, Mimi; Siegler, Robert; Susperreguy, Maria I.
Child Development, v86 n6 p1892-1907 Nov-Dec 2015
Despite research demonstrating a strong association between early and later mathematics achievement, few studies have investigated mediators of this association. Using longitudinal data (n = 1,362), this study tested the extent to which mathematics self-concepts, school placement, executive functioning, and proficiency in fractions and division account for the association between mathematics achievement in first grade and at age 15. As hypothesized, a strong longitudinal association between first-grade and adolescent mathematics achievement was present (ß = 0.36) even after controlling for a host of background characteristics, including cognitive skills and reading ability. The mediators accounted for 39% of this association, with mathematics self-concept, gifted and talented placement, and knowledge of fractions and division serving as significant mediators.
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Longitudinal Studies, Self Concept, Mathematics Skills, Student Placement, Executive Function, Correlation, Grade 1, Adolescents, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Hypothesis Testing, Student Characteristics, Cognitive Ability, Reading Skills, Academically Gifted, Knowledge Level
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0322356; HD065704P01; R324C100004