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Costa, Lara-Jeane; Green, Melissa; Sideris, John; Hooper, Stephen R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The primary aim of this study was determining Grade 1 cognitive predictors of students at risk for writing disabilities in Grades 2 through 4. Applying cognitive measures selected to align with theoretical and empirical models of writing, tasks were administered to Grade 1 students assessing fine-motor, linguistic, and executive functions: 84 at…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Taylor, Matthew S.; Vasquez, Eleazar; Donehower, Claire – Journal of Special Education Technology, 2017
Students of all ages and abilities must be given the opportunity to learn academic skills that can shape future opportunities and careers. Researchers in the mid-1970s and 1980s began teaching young students the processes of computer programming using basic coding skills and limited technology. As technology became more personalized and easily…
Descriptors: Programming, Down Syndrome, Elementary School Students, Case Studies
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Decker, Scott L.; Roberts, Alycia M.; Roberts, Kristin L.; Stafford, Allison L.; Eckert, Mark A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2016
A significant number of studies have examined the cognitive components of basic academic skills, which has led to major changes in both teaching and early identification assessment practices. However, the majority of previous research has focused solely on reading. This study examines the cognitive components of academic writing skills across…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Writing Skills, Teaching Methods, Grade 1
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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Hirvonen, Riikka; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Early Education and Development, 2015
Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to identify the developmental trajectories of impulsive behavior among 378 Finnish children who were followed from kindergarten to 4th grade. In addition to ratings of children's impulsivity, the analyses included measures of motivation, cognitive skills, socioemotional adjustment, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Young Children, Grade 1
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Sorhagen, Nicole S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
This research used prospective longitudinal data to examine the associations between first-grade teachers' over- and underestimation of their students' math abilities, basic reading abilities, and language skills and the students' high school academic performance, with special attention to the subject area and moderating effects of student…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1, Longitudinal Studies, Teacher Expectations of Students
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Benner, Gregory J.; Ralston, Nicole C.; Feuerborn, Laura – Preventing School Failure, 2012
Processing speed plays an important role in numerous facets of life functioning. Language, academic achievement, and behavior are all associated with processing speed; however, researchers have yet to investigate the effect of interventions, particularly language-based interventions, on the processing speed and the behavioral functioning of…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Intervention, Emotional Disturbances, Behavior Disorders
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Abu-Hamour, Bashir; University, Mu'tah; Urso, Annmarie; Mather, Nancy – International Journal of Special Education, 2012
This study explored four hypotheses: (a) the relationships among rapid automatized naming (RAN) and processing speed (PS) to irregular word, non-word, and word reading; (b) the predictive power of various RAN and PS measures, (c) the cognitive correlates that best predicted irregular word, non-word, and word reading, and (d) reading performance of…
Descriptors: Reading, Naming, Cognitive Processes, Measures (Individuals)
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Hooper, Stephen R.; Roberts, Joanne E.; Nelson, Lauren; Zeisel, Susan; Kasambira Fannin, Danai – School Psychology Quarterly, 2010
This study examined the preschool predictors of elementary school narrative writing skills. The sample included 65 typically developing African American children, ranging in age from 5.0 to 5.5 years, and was 44.6% male. Targeted preschool predictors included measures of phonological processing, core language abilities, prereading skills, and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, African American Children, Beginning Reading, Kindergarten
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Stuhlman, Megan W.; Pianta, Robert C. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
In the present study, we present analyzed profiles of observed classroom experiences in terms of emotional and instructional dimensions of quality. Over 800 first-grade classrooms across the United States were included, selected by virtue of having a student participating in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of…
Descriptors: Class Size, Observation, Child Health, Educational Quality
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Lehman, Elyse Brauch; Olson, Vanessa A.; Aquilino, Sally A.; Hall, Laura C. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2006
Elementary school children in three grade groups (Grades K/1, 3, and 5/6) completed either the auditory or the visual 1/9 vigilance task from the Gordon Diagnostic System (GDS) as well as subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition and auditory or visual processing subtests from the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Performance Tests, Cognitive Tests, Intelligence Tests
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Konold, Timothy R.; Pianta, Robert C. – Applied Developmental Science, 2005
School readiness assessment is a prominent feature of early childhood education. Because the construct of readiness is multifaceted, we examined children's patterns on multiple indicators previously found to be both theoretically and empirically linked to school readiness: social skill, interactions with parents, problem behavior, and performance…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Early Childhood Education, Outcomes of Education, Predictive Validity