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Russell, Jeannette; Drake Shiffler, Molly – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Researchers consistently find a correlation between low literacy levels and high school dropout rates, expulsion, reading achievement, and failing grades for African American males. Low literacy achievement in African American males may result from multiple factors, including dialectic linguistic differences and/or phonological awareness…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Reading Achievement, Intervention, Phonology
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Coker, David L., Jr.; Jennings, Austin S.; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth; MacArthur, Charles A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Previous research has demonstrated that writing instruction can support reading achievement (Graham & Hebert, 2011); however much of this work involved carefully designed interventions. In this study, we evaluated a conceptual framework of the direct and indirect effects of typical writing instruction and student writing practice on reading…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Reading Achievement, Drills (Practice), Grade 1
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Savage, Robert; Georgiou, George; Parrila, Rauno; Maiorino, Kristina – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We evaluated two experimenter-delivered, small-group word reading programs among at-risk poor readers in Grade 1 classes of regular elementary schools using a two-arm, dual-site-matched control trial intervention. At-risk poor word readers (n = 201) were allocated to either (a) Direct Mapping and Set-for-Variability (DMSfV) or (b) Current or…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Graphemes, At Risk Students
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Segbers, Jutta; Schroeder, Sascha – Language Testing, 2017
In this article we present a new method for estimating children's total vocabulary size based on a language corpus in German. We drew a virtual sample of different lexicon sizes from a corpus and let the virtual sample "take" a vocabulary test by comparing whether the items were included in the virtual lexicons or not. This enabled us to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, German, Vocabulary, Elementary School Students
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
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Poolman, B. G.; Leseman, P. P. M.; Doornenbal, J. M.; Minnaert, A. E. M. G. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
Rural children are a largely understudied population in language and literacy research, despite the fact that these children often enter school with delays in their language development. Since most rural areas suffered from so-called selective rural outmigration, many parents in rural areas are lower or middle educated. The home literacy climate,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Primary Education
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Sénéchal, Monique – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
The goal was to assess the role of invented spelling to subsequent reading and spelling as proposed by the Nested Skills Model of Early Literacy Acquisition. 107 English-speaking children were tested at the beginning of kindergarten and grade 1, and at the end of grade 1. The findings provided support for the proposed model. First, the role played…
Descriptors: Spelling, Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Lovett, Maureen W.; Frijters, Jan C.; Wolf, Maryanne; Steinbach, Karen A.; Sevcik, Rose A.; Morris, Robin D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Across multiple schools and sites, the impact of grade-at-intervention was evaluated for children at risk or meeting criteria for reading disabilities. A multiple-component reading intervention with demonstrated efficacy was offered to small groups of children in 1st, 2nd, or 3rd grade. In a quasi-experimental design, 172 children received the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Instructional Program Divisions
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Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Kathryn E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Katherine E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Wawire, Brenda A.; Kim, Young-Suk G. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Using a randomized control trial, this study examined the causal evidence of cross-language transfer of phonological awareness and letter knowledge (names and sounds) using data from multilingual 1st-grade children (N = 322) in Kenya. Children in the treatment condition received an 8-week instruction on phonological awareness and letter knowledge…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Alphabets, Transfer of Training, Multilingualism
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Peskin, Joan; Comay, Julie; Chen, Xi; Prusky, Carly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
A critical skill in emergent writing is the developing ability to take the perspective of different readers; however, the precursors of this skill have not yet been identified. In this longitudinal study, 105 children (90 after attrition) were tested at 3 time points: pre-kindergarten (3-4 years old, n = 105), kindergarten (5 years old, n = 97),…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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