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Russell, Jeannette; Drake Shiffler, Molly – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Researchers consistently find a correlation between low literacy levels and high school dropout rates, expulsion, reading achievement, and failing grades for African American males. Low literacy achievement in African American males may result from multiple factors, including dialectic linguistic differences and/or phonological awareness…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Reading Achievement, Intervention, Phonology
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Steacy, Laura M.; Kirby, John R.; Parrila, Rauno; Compton, Donald L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
The Double Deficit Hypothesis of dyslexia is one approach to classifying students with reading disabilities. The theory offers four distinct groups of readers: (a) average readers, (b) students with phonological deficits, (c) students with naming speed deficits, and (d) students with double deficits: those having both (b) and (c). This study…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Difficulties, Classification, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Waesche, Jessica S. Brown; Schatschneider, Christopher; Maner, Jon K.; Ahmed, Yusra; Wagner, Richard K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2011
Rates of agreement among alternative definitions of reading disability and their 1- and 2-year stabilities were examined using a new measure of agreement, the affected-status agreement statistic. Participants were 288,114 first through third grade students. Reading measures were "Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills" Oral…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Definitions, Economically Disadvantaged, Low Achievement