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Lovett, Maureen W.; Frijters, Jan C.; Wolf, Maryanne; Steinbach, Karen A.; Sevcik, Rose A.; Morris, Robin D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Across multiple schools and sites, the impact of grade-at-intervention was evaluated for children at risk or meeting criteria for reading disabilities. A multiple-component reading intervention with demonstrated efficacy was offered to small groups of children in 1st, 2nd, or 3rd grade. In a quasi-experimental design, 172 children received the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Instructional Program Divisions
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Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Kathryn E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Katherine E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Ashworth, Kristen E.; Pullen, Paige C. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of a regression discontinuity design (RDD) with those of an experimental design of a tiered vocabulary intervention for children at risk for reading disability to determine RDD's feasibility as a research methodology for this type of study. Researchers reanalyzed an archival dataset of a…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Intervention, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties
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Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Using data ("n" = 3,790 with 2,119 in the 3-year-old cohort and 1,671 in the 4-year-old cohort) from 353 Head Start centers in the Head Start Impact Study, the only large-scale randomized experiment in Head Start history, this article examined the impact of Head Start on children's cognitive and parent-reported social-behavioral outcomes…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Disadvantaged Youth, Program Effectiveness, Cognitive Development
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Pullen, Paige C.; Lane, Holly B. – Exceptionality, 2014
We compared the effects of two approaches to decoding on the word reading skills of struggling first-grade students: decontextualized, teacher directed decoding practice with manipulative letters and embedded, incidental decoding practice. Participants were 98 students at risk for reading disability. We randomly assigned participants to three…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Word Recognition, Grade 1
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Ouellette, Gene; Senechal, Monique; Haley, Allyson – Journal of Experimental Education, 2013
This teaching study tested whether guiding invented spelling through a Vygotskian approach to feedback would facilitate kindergarten children's entry into literacy more so than phonological awareness instruction. Participants included 40 kindergarteners whose early literacy skills were typical of literacy-rich classrooms, and who were receiving a…
Descriptors: Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Emergent Literacy, Literacy Education
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Mandel, Eliana; Osana, Helena P.; Venkatesh, Vivek – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2013
This study evaluated the effects of Adapted Reciprocal Teaching (ART) on the receptive and expressive flight-word vocabulary of 1st-grade students. During ART, classroom interactions produced narrative contexts within which students assumed responsibility for applying new flight words in personally meaningful ways. Students in the control group…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reciprocal Teaching, Reading Instruction, Story Reading
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Waesche, Jessica S. Brown; Schatschneider, Christopher; Maner, Jon K.; Ahmed, Yusra; Wagner, Richard K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2011
Rates of agreement among alternative definitions of reading disability and their 1- and 2-year stabilities were examined using a new measure of agreement, the affected-status agreement statistic. Participants were 288,114 first through third grade students. Reading measures were "Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills" Oral…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Definitions, Economically Disadvantaged, Low Achievement
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Yesil-Dagli, Ummuhan – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2011
The precursors of early English reading success have been widely studied for native English-speaking students, and those findings have been generalized to the English language learner (ELL) student population. However, the development of English language acquisition may be different for ELL students. The purpose of this study was to investigate…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Phonological Awareness, Kindergarten, Emergent Literacy
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Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Gallagher, Kathleen; Ginsberg, Marnie C.; Amendum, Steve; Kainz, Kirsten; Rose, Jason; Burchinal, Margaret – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2010
With the advent of "Response to Intervention" there has been emphasis on preventing reading disabilities. This study examined the effectiveness of a classroom teacher Tier II intervention for struggling readers in kindergarten and first grade called the Targeted Reading Intervention. Three rural schools were randomly assigned to…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Rural Schools, Intervention, Kindergarten
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Harlin, Rebecca P. – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2007
This issue features seven studies that address affective as well as academic educational outcomes. The first article incorporates teachers' perceptions of the role of technology in supporting English language learners' writing. The second article highlights results for two cohorts of young children served by an Early Reading First program at…
Descriptors: Intervention, Early Reading, Outcomes of Education, Second Language Learning
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Rvachew, Susan – American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 2007
Purpose: To examine the relationship between phonological processing skills prior to kindergarten entry and reading skills at the end of 1st grade, in children with speech sound disorders (SSD). Method: The participants were 17 children with SSD and poor phonological processing skills (SSD-low PP), 16 children with SSD and good phonological…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Preschool Children, Reading Skills, Phonological Awareness