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Segbers, Jutta; Schroeder, Sascha – Language Testing, 2017
In this article we present a new method for estimating children's total vocabulary size based on a language corpus in German. We drew a virtual sample of different lexicon sizes from a corpus and let the virtual sample "take" a vocabulary test by comparing whether the items were included in the virtual lexicons or not. This enabled us to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, German, Vocabulary, Elementary School Students
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Ladd, Gary W.; Dinella, Lisa M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Premises about the effects of early engagement on achievement were investigated with 383 children who were followed from ages 5.5 to 13.5. Change and continuity in behavioral (cooperative-resistant classroom participation) and emotional (school liking-avoidance) engagement were assessed during Grades 1-3 and were examined within variable- and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Participation, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries