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Segbers, Jutta; Schroeder, Sascha – Language Testing, 2017
In this article we present a new method for estimating children's total vocabulary size based on a language corpus in German. We drew a virtual sample of different lexicon sizes from a corpus and let the virtual sample "take" a vocabulary test by comparing whether the items were included in the virtual lexicons or not. This enabled us to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, German, Vocabulary, Elementary School Students
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Katherine E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Hipfner-Boucher, Kathleen; Pasquarella, Adrian; Chen, Xi; Deacon, S. Hélène – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Cognate awareness is the ability to recognize the cognate relationship between words in two etymologically related languages. The current study examined the development of cognate awareness and its contribution to French (second language) reading comprehension among Canadian French immersion children. Eighty-one students were tested at the end of…
Descriptors: French, Immersion Programs, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Zipke, Marcy – First Language, 2016
The ability to flexibly approach the pronunciation of unknown words, or set "for variability", has been shown to contribute to word recognition skills. However, this is the first study that has attempted to teach students strategies for increasing their set for variability. Beginning readers (N = 15) were instructed to correct oral…
Descriptors: Pronunciation, Control Groups, Spelling, Word Recognition
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Niemi, Pekka; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
This study examined the dynamic relationships among the components of the Simple View of Reading (SVR) in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and the predictive value of cognitive skills (phonological awareness, letter knowledge, rapid naming, and vocabulary) on the SVR components. Altogether, 1,815 Finnish children were followed from kindergarten…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Beach, Kristen D.; O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
We explored the usefulness of first and second grade reading measures and responsiveness criteria collected within a response-to-intervention (RtI) framework for predicting reading disability (RD) in third grade. We used existing data from 387 linguistically diverse students who had participated in a longitudinal RtI study. Model-based predictors…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Predictor Variables, Criteria
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Pentimonti, Jill; O'Connell, Ann; Justice, Laura; Cain, Kate – Child Development, 2015
The purpose of this study was to empirically examine the dimensionality of language ability for young children (4-8 years) from prekindergarten to third grade (n = 915), theorizing that measures of vocabulary and grammar ability will represent a unitary trait across these ages, and to determine whether discourse skills represent an additional…
Descriptors: Child Development, Language Acquisition, Child Language, Language Skills
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Guzman-Orth, Danielle; Grimm, Ryan; Gerber, Michael; Orosco, Michael; Swanson, H. Lee; Lussier, Cathy – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2015
The Working Memory Rating Scale (WMRS) was designed as a behavioral rating tool to assist teachers in identifying students at risk of working memory difficulties. The instrument was originally normed on 417 monolingual English-speaking children from the United Kingdom. The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the WMRS…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Rating Scales, Psychometrics, English Language Learners
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McKinnon, Rachel D.; Blair, Clancy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Teacher-child relationships have been linked to children's classroom engagement and to academic achievement. However, researchers have paid minimal attention to individual child factors that predict the development of these relationships. In the current study, we examined executive function (EF) prior to school entry as a predictor of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Executive Function
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Pasquarella, Adrian; Deacon, Helene; Chen, Becky X.; Commissaire, Eva; Au-Yeung, Karen – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2014
This study examined the within-language and cross-language relationships between orthographic processing and word reading in French and English across Grades 1 and 2. Seventy-three children in French Immersion completed measures of orthographic processing and word reading in French and English in Grade 1 and Grade 2, as well as a series of control…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Reading, French, English
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Steacy, Laura M.; Kirby, John R.; Parrila, Rauno; Compton, Donald L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
The Double Deficit Hypothesis of dyslexia is one approach to classifying students with reading disabilities. The theory offers four distinct groups of readers: (a) average readers, (b) students with phonological deficits, (c) students with naming speed deficits, and (d) students with double deficits: those having both (b) and (c). This study…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Difficulties, Classification, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Han, Myae; Vukelich, Carol; Buell, Martha; Meacham, Sohyun – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: The current study reports on the results of a longitudinal investigation of the language and early literacy development of a sample of dual-language learners (DLLs) and monolingual English speakers from low-income families who received an Early Reading First intervention during their Head Start preschool year. A total of 62…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Economically Disadvantaged, Bilingualism, Monolingualism
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Spencer, Mercedes; Wagner, Richard K.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Quinn, Jamie M.; Lopez, Danielle; Petscher, Yaacov – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2014
The present study seeks to evaluate a hybrid model of identification that incorporates response to instruction and intervention (RTI) as one of the key symptoms of reading disability. The 1-year stability of alternative operational definitions of reading disability was examined in a large-scale sample of students who were followed longitudinally…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Models, Longitudinal Studies
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