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Bojczyk, Kathryn E.; Haverback, Heather Rogers; Pae, Hye K.; Hairston, Marcy; Haring, Christa D. – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between parents' home literacy practices and the literacy skills of young children at risk for reading difficulties. Participants included 198 kindergarten and first-grade students and their parents. Children were enrolled in two Title I schools in an urban setting. Parents completed the…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Emergent Literacy, Cultural Capital
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Russell, Jeannette; Drake Shiffler, Molly – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Researchers consistently find a correlation between low literacy levels and high school dropout rates, expulsion, reading achievement, and failing grades for African American males. Low literacy achievement in African American males may result from multiple factors, including dialectic linguistic differences and/or phonological awareness…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Reading Achievement, Intervention, Phonology
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Ouellette, Gene; Sénéchal, Monique – Developmental Psychology, 2017
In this study we evaluated whether the sophistication of children's invented spellings in kindergarten was predictive of subsequent reading and spelling in Grade 1, while also considering the influence of well-known precursors. Children in their first year of schooling (mean age = 66 months; N = 171) were assessed on measures of oral vocabulary,…
Descriptors: Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Predictor Variables, Reading Ability
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
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Edyburn, Kelly L.; Quirk, Matthew; Felix, Erika; Swami, Sruthi; Goldstein, Ariel; Terzieva, Antoniya; Scheller, Jennifer – Literacy Research and Instruction, 2017
This study examined the relative contributions of Latino/a children's (N = 102) school readiness and early literacy skills during kindergarten in predicting first grade reading achievement. By using discriminant function analyses, the current study identified a set of areas to assess that could be used to effectively screen children during…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Hispanic American Students, Reading Achievement, Literacy
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Poolman, B. G.; Leseman, P. P. M.; Doornenbal, J. M.; Minnaert, A. E. M. G. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
Rural children are a largely understudied population in language and literacy research, despite the fact that these children often enter school with delays in their language development. Since most rural areas suffered from so-called selective rural outmigration, many parents in rural areas are lower or middle educated. The home literacy climate,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Primary Education
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Sénéchal, Monique – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
The goal was to assess the role of invented spelling to subsequent reading and spelling as proposed by the Nested Skills Model of Early Literacy Acquisition. 107 English-speaking children were tested at the beginning of kindergarten and grade 1, and at the end of grade 1. The findings provided support for the proposed model. First, the role played…
Descriptors: Spelling, Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Grade 1
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
Goldstein, Howard; Ziolkowski, Robyn A.; Bojczyk, Katherine E.; Marty, Ana; Schneider, Naomi; Harpring, Jayme; Haring, Christa D. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study investigated cumulative effects of language learning, specifically whether prior vocabulary knowledge or special education status moderated the effects of academic vocabulary instruction in high-poverty schools. Method: Effects of a supplemental intervention targeting academic vocabulary in first through third grades were…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Children, Low Income Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Peskin, Joan; Comay, Julie; Chen, Xi; Prusky, Carly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
A critical skill in emergent writing is the developing ability to take the perspective of different readers; however, the precursors of this skill have not yet been identified. In this longitudinal study, 105 children (90 after attrition) were tested at 3 time points: pre-kindergarten (3-4 years old, n = 105), kindergarten (5 years old, n = 97),…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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Hipfner-Boucher, Kathleen; Pasquarella, Adrian; Chen, Xi; Deacon, S. Hélène – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Cognate awareness is the ability to recognize the cognate relationship between words in two etymologically related languages. The current study examined the development of cognate awareness and its contribution to French (second language) reading comprehension among Canadian French immersion children. Eighty-one students were tested at the end of…
Descriptors: French, Immersion Programs, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Richards-Tutor, Catherine; Baker, Doris L.; Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott K.; Smith, Jeanie Mercier – Exceptional Children, 2016
This article reviews published experimental studies from 2000 to 2012 that evaluated the effects of providing reading interventions to English learners who were at risk for experiencing academic difficulties, including students with learning disabilities. Criteria included: (a) the study was published in a peer-referred journal, (b) the study was…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, Literature Reviews, Electronic Libraries
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Schatschneider, Christopher; Wagner, Richard K.; Hart, Sara A.; Tighe, Elizabeth L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
The present study employed data simulation techniques to investigate the 1-year stability of alternative classification schemes for identifying children with reading disabilities. Classification schemes investigated include low performance, unexpected low performance, dual-discrepancy, and a rudimentary form of constellation model of reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Students, Disability Identification
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Zipke, Marcy – First Language, 2016
The ability to flexibly approach the pronunciation of unknown words, or set "for variability", has been shown to contribute to word recognition skills. However, this is the first study that has attempted to teach students strategies for increasing their set for variability. Beginning readers (N = 15) were instructed to correct oral…
Descriptors: Pronunciation, Control Groups, Spelling, Word Recognition
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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