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Richards-Tutor, Catherine; Baker, Doris L.; Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott K.; Smith, Jeanie Mercier – Exceptional Children, 2016
This article reviews published experimental studies from 2000 to 2012 that evaluated the effects of providing reading interventions to English learners who were at risk for experiencing academic difficulties, including students with learning disabilities. Criteria included: (a) the study was published in a peer-referred journal, (b) the study was…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, Literature Reviews, Electronic Libraries
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Baker, Doris Luft; Santoro, Lana; Biancarrosa, Gina; Baker, Scott K. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
Reading aloud to students in preschool and the early grades is ubiquitous in American classrooms and considerable research has been conducted on read aloud practices (Karweit & Wasik, 1996; Morrow & Brittain, 2003; Van Kleeck, Stahl, & Bauer, 2003; Varelas & Pappas, 2006; Wilkinson & Silliman, 2000). Compelling evidence…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Vocabulary, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Comprehension
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Mokhtari, Kouider; Neel, Joanna L.; Kaiser, Forrest; Le, Hong-Hai – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2015
In this exploratory quasi-experimental case study, we assessed the promise of a yearlong supplemental reading intervention with a small pilot group of at-risk first grade readers in an elementary school setting. Using standardized measures of reading proficiency, we found that after 47 hours of one-on-one tutoring instruction, students read…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Reading Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1
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Denton, Carolyn A.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Taylor, W. Pat; Barth, Amy E.; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
Considerable research evidence supports the provision of explicit instruction for students at risk for reading difficulties; however, one of the most widely implemented approaches to early reading instruction is Guided Reading (GR; Fountas & Pinnel, 1996), which deemphasizes explicit instruction and practice of reading skills in favor of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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Hanselman, Paul; Borman, Geoffrey D. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2013
We evaluate the impact of Success for All literacy instruction in grades 3 through 5 using data from the same cluster randomized trial used to evaluate effects in the earlier grades (K-2). In contrast to the early benefits, there is no effect on reading achievement in the later grades, either overall or for students and schools with high or low…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Literacy Education, Reading Instruction
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Shah-Wundenberg, Mihika; Wyse, Dominic; Chaplain, Roland – Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 2013
This paper reports research that investigated parental support for children's reading of English in an inner-city school in the developing country context of an Indian city, Ahmedabad. Children had oral proficiency in the regional language but were beginning to acquire conventional forms of literacy in English. Sociocultural mediation theory…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Urban Areas
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
“Reading Recovery[R]” is a short-term intervention that provides one-on-one tutoring to first-grade students who are struggling in reading and writing. The supplementary program aims to promote literacy skills and foster the development of reading and writing strategies by tailoring individualized lessons to each student. Tutoring is delivered by…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Beginning Reading, Reading Instruction
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Baker, Scott K.; Santoro, Lana Edwards; Chard, David J.; Fien, Hank; Park, Yonghan; Otterstedt, Janet – Elementary School Journal, 2013
This study describes an evaluation of a read aloud intervention to improve comprehension and vocabulary of first-grade students. Twelve teachers were randomly assigned to an intervention or comparison condition. The study lasted 19 weeks, and the intervention focused on the systematic use of narrative and expository texts and dialogic interactions…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Program Evaluation, Intervention
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Spencer, Mercedes; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2014
The goal of the present study was to test three competing hypotheses about the nature of comprehension problems of students who are poor in reading comprehension. Participants in the study were first, second, and third graders, totaling nine cohorts and over 425,000 participants in all. The pattern of results was consistent across all cohorts:…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Hypothesis Testing, Grade 1
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Olson, Richard K.; Keenan, Janice M.; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Coventry, William L.; Corley, Robin; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Willcutt, Erik G.; DeFries, John C.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Hulslander, Jacqueline – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2011
Genetic and environmental relations between vocabulary and reading skills were explored longitudinally from preschool through Grades 2 and 4. At preschool there were strong shared-environment and weak genetic influences on both vocabulary and print knowledge but substantial differences in their source. Separation of etiology for vocabulary and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Genetics, Word Recognition, Etiology
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Nelson, Jason M. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2008
This study investigated the psychometric properties of a group-administered early literacy measure, the Mountain Shadows Phonemic Awareness Scale (MS-PAS), using a kindergarten sample (N = 213). The MS-PAS was compared to the "Test of Phonological Awareness-Second Edition: Plus" (TOPA-2+). Results indicated excellent internal consistency…
Descriptors: Phonemics, Phonological Awareness, Phonemic Awareness, Test Validity
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Schmitt, Maribeth Cassidy; Gregory, Anne E. – Literacy Teaching and Learning, 2005
The purpose of this study was to contribute to and strengthen previous work that examined the long-lasting effects of Reading Recovery in statewide efforts aimed at bolstering early literacy achievement and reducing early learning difficulties. Specifically, the study explored the literacy achievement of Reading Recovery participants whose series…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Failure, Prevention, Reading Programs
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Ryder, Randall J.; Burton, Jennifer Lyn; Silberg, Anna – Journal of Educational Research, 2006
In a 3-year longitudinal study, the authors examined the effect of Direct Instruction (DI) on students' reading achievement, teacher perceptions, nature of the classroom, and special education referral rate. Urban and suburban students completed the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests in the fall of Grade 1 and spring of Grades 1, 2, and 3. Teachers…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Teaching Methods, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Achievement