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Beigman Klebanov, Beata; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Kaufer, David; Yeoh, Paul; Ishizaki, Suguru – Language Testing, 2019
Essay writing is a common type of constructed-response task used frequently in standardized writing assessments. However, the impromptu timed nature of the essay writing tests has drawn increasing criticism for the lack of authenticity for real-world writing in classroom and workplace settings. The goal of this paper is to contribute evidence to a…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Writing Tests, Writing Skills, Persuasive Discourse
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Attali, Yigal; Lewis, Will; Steier, Michael – Language Testing, 2013
Automated essay scoring can produce reliable scores that are highly correlated with human scores, but is limited in its evaluation of content and other higher-order aspects of writing. The increased use of automated essay scoring in high-stakes testing underscores the need for human scoring that is focused on higher-order aspects of writing. This…
Descriptors: Scoring, Essay Tests, Reliability, High Stakes Tests
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Stricker, L. J. – Language Testing, 2004
The purpose of this study was to replicate previous research on the construct validity of the paper-based version of the TOEFL and extend it to the computer-based TOEFL. Two samples of Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test-takers were used: native speakers of English specially recruited to take the computer-based TOEFL, and ESL…
Descriptors: Native Speakers, Construct Validity, English (Second Language), Computer Assisted Instruction