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Almond, Russell G. – International Journal of Testing, 2014
Assessments consisting of only a few extended constructed response items (essays) are not typically equated using anchor test designs as there are typically too few essay prompts in each form to allow for meaningful equating. This article explores the idea that output from an automated scoring program designed to measure writing fluency (a common…
Descriptors: Automation, Equated Scores, Writing Tests, Essay Tests
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Sinharay, Sandip; Johnson, Matthew S. – International Journal of Testing, 2008
"Item models" (LaDuca, Staples, Templeton, & Holzman, 1986) are classes from which it is possible to generate items that are equivalent/isomorphic to other items from the same model (e.g., Bejar, 1996, 2002). They have the potential to produce large numbers of high-quality items at reduced cost. This article introduces data from an…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Case Studies, Test Items, Models