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Fedynich, LaVonne – Research in Higher Education Journal, 2017
This article discussed the accuracy of nationally normed entrance examinations such as the Millers Analogy Test and the Graduate Record Examination at predicting graduate student academic success in Master's and Doctoral programs. Academic success was defined as maintaining the required minimum or higher graduate program grade point average and…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Academic Achievement, College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study
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Bridgeman, Brent – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
Scores on essay-based assessments that are part of standardized admissions tests are typically given relatively little weight in admissions decisions compared to the weight given to scores from multiple-choice assessments. Evidence is presented to suggest that more weight should be given to these assessments. The reliability of the writing scores…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Scores, Standardized Tests, Comparative Analysis
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Brown, Kevin – CEA Forum, 2015
In this article, the author describes his project to take every standardized exam English majors students take. During the summer and fall semesters of 2012, the author signed up for and took the GRE General Test, the Praxis Content Area Exam (English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Knowledge), the Senior Major Field Tests in…
Descriptors: College Faculty, College English, Test Preparation, Standardized Tests
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Attali, Yigal; Lewis, Will; Steier, Michael – Language Testing, 2013
Automated essay scoring can produce reliable scores that are highly correlated with human scores, but is limited in its evaluation of content and other higher-order aspects of writing. The increased use of automated essay scoring in high-stakes testing underscores the need for human scoring that is focused on higher-order aspects of writing. This…
Descriptors: Scoring, Essay Tests, Reliability, High Stakes Tests
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Dorans, Neil J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012
Views on testing--its purpose and uses and how its data are analyzed--are related to one's perspective on test takers. Test takers can be viewed as learners, examinees, or contestants. I briefly discuss the perspective of test takers as learners. I maintain that much of psychometrics views test takers as examinees. I discuss test takers as a…
Descriptors: Testing, Test Theory, Item Response Theory, Test Reliability
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Bridgeman, Brent; Trapani, Catherine; Attali, Yigal – Applied Measurement in Education, 2012
Essay scores generated by machine and by human raters are generally comparable; that is, they can produce scores with similar means and standard deviations, and machine scores generally correlate as highly with human scores as scores from one human correlate with scores from another human. Although human and machine essay scores are highly related…
Descriptors: Scoring, Essay Tests, College Entrance Examinations, High Stakes Tests
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Attali, Yigal; Bridgeman, Brent; Trapani, Catherine – Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 2010
A generic approach in automated essay scoring produces scores that have the same meaning across all prompts, existing or new, of a writing assessment. This is accomplished by using a single set of linguistic indicators (or features), a consistent way of combining and weighting these features into essay scores, and a focus on features that are not…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Writing Tests, Scoring, Test Scoring Machines
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Baumgartner, Lisa M.; Johnson-Bailey, Juanita – New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 2010
White privilege is a large part of the hidden infrastructure of American society, directing, driving, and often invisibly and subtly determining outcomes such as employment, housing, education, and even interpersonal relationships. In order for white privilege, a system that allows whites to prevail, to exist, there must be a counterbalance, a…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Whites, Advantaged, Graduate Study
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Kuncel, Nathan R.; Wee, Serena; Serafin, Lauren; Hezlett, Sarah A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Extensive research has examined the effectiveness of admissions tests for use in higher education. What has gone unexamined is the extent to which tests are similarly effective for predicting performance at both the master's and doctoral levels. This study empirically synthesizes previous studies to investigate whether or not the Graduate Record…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Grade Point Average, Doctoral Programs, Tests
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Ferguson, Janet; Tryjankowski, Anne Marie – Journal of Further and Higher Education, 2009
This study examined performance of Master's-level students in an online course in Cognition, Learning and Assessment and compared it with the performance of students in a face-to-face classroom setting of the same course (N = 70). Data were collected from six sections of the course over a two-year period. The same professor taught all sections.…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Online Courses, Statistical Analysis, Conventional Instruction
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Bridgeman, Brent; Burton, Nancy; Cline, Frederick – Applied Measurement in Education, 2009
Descriptions of validity results based solely on correlation coefficients or percent of the variance accounted for are not merely difficult to interpret, they are likely to be misinterpreted. Predictors that apparently account for a small percent of the variance may actually be highly important from a practical perspective. This study combined two…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, Grade Point Average
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Hardison, Chaitra M.; Sackett, Paul R. – Applied Measurement in Education, 2008
Despite the growing use of writing assessments in standardized tests, little is known about coaching effects on writing assessments. Therefore, this study tested the effects of short-term coaching on standardized writing tests, and the transfer of those effects to other writing genres. College freshmen were randomly assigned to either training…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Group Membership, College Freshmen, Writing Tests
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Ren, Jia; Bryan, Kisha; Min, Youngkyoung; Wei, Youhua – Florida Journal of Educational Administration & Policy, 2007
Studying in a second language is probably one of the greatest challenges for international students. In this study, the relationship between language preparation and the first year graduate study among East Asian international graduate students in the United States was investigated in order to provide implications and suggestions for university…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Graduate Students, Graduate Study
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Briihl, Deborah S.; Wasieleski, David T. – Teaching of Psychology, 2007
The authors surveyed graduate programs to see how they use the Graduate Record Examination Analytic Writing (GRE-AW) Test. Only 35% of the graduate programs that responded use the GRE-AW test in their admission policy; of the programs not using it, most do not plan to do so. The programs using the GRE-AW rated it as medium or low in importance in…
Descriptors: Writing Tests, Educational Testing, College Admission, Surveys
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Coutinho, Savia A. – Educational Research and Reviews, 2006
This study examined the relationship between the need for cognition, defined as the tendency to engage in effortful cognitive activity, and metacognition which is one's thinking about thinking and how these variables relate to intellectual task performance. Participants completed measures of need for cognition, metacognition, and problem-solved…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Educational Psychology
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