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Snyder, Thomas D.; de Brey, Cristobal; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The 2017 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 53rd in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education, Federal Aid, Educational Finance
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Dorans, Neil J. – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
A distinction is made between scores as measures of a construct and predictions of a criterion or outcome variable. The interpretation attached to predictions of criteria, such as job performance or college grade point average (GPA), differs from that attached to scores that are measures of a construct, such as reading proficiency or knowledge…
Descriptors: Job Performance, Scores, Data Interpretation, Statistical Distributions
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May, Alison L.; Stone, C. Addison – Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 2014
In a quasi-experimental evaluation of the possible role of stereotype threat in the academic performance of college students with learning disabilities (LD), students with (N = 29) and without (N = 62) identified LD took a simulated Verbal GREĀ® task in one of two conditions modeled after those used in past stereotype threat (ST) research. The task…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Stereotypes, Social Bias, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The 2012 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: School Statistics, Definitions, Tables (Data), Longitudinal Studies
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Davison, Mark L.; Semmes, Robert; Huang, Lan; Close, Catherine N. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
Data from 181 college students were used to assess whether math reasoning item response times in computerized testing can provide valid and reliable measures of a speed dimension. The alternate forms reliability of the speed dimension was .85. A two-dimensional structural equation model suggests that the speed dimension is related to the accuracy…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Reaction Time, Reliability, Validity
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Dorans, Neil J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012
Views on testing--its purpose and uses and how its data are analyzed--are related to one's perspective on test takers. Test takers can be viewed as learners, examinees, or contestants. I briefly discuss the perspective of test takers as learners. I maintain that much of psychometrics views test takers as examinees. I discuss test takers as a…
Descriptors: Testing, Test Theory, Item Response Theory, Test Reliability
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Gao, Rui; He, Wei; Ruan, Chunyi – ETS Research Report Series, 2012
In this study, we investigated whether preequating results agree with equating results that are based on observed operational data (postequating) for a college placement program. Specifically, we examined the degree to which item response theory (IRT) true score preequating results agreed with those from IRT true score postequating and from…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Student Placement, Item Response Theory, True Scores
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2012
The 2011 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 47th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Error Patterns
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Semmes, Robert; Davison, Mark L.; Close, Catherine – Applied Psychological Measurement, 2011
If numerical reasoning items are administered under time limits, will two dimensions be required to account for the responses, a numerical ability dimension and a speed dimension? A total of 182 college students answered 74 numerical reasoning items. Every item was taken with and without time limits by half the students. Three psychometric models…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Logical Thinking, Timed Tests, College Students
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Pawlow, Laura A. – Teaching of Psychology, 2010
This exercise aims to provide a hands-on, role-playing activity that requires students to evaluate the strengths and limitations of standardized tests in making admission decisions. Small groups pretend to be an admissions committee and review fictitious student applications containing both standardized test scores and other information admissions…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Admission Criteria, College Admission, Class Activities
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2012
The 2011 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 47th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Secondary Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The 2012 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Adult Education
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King, Patricia M.; And Others – Review of Higher Education, 1990
Differences in critical thinking between undergraduate and graduate students in the social and mathematical sciences was investigated using multiple measures of critical thinking that reflect different types of problem structure. Educational level and academic area differences were found across measures. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Cognitive Processes, College Entrance Examinations, College Students
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Tolman, Richard R.; And Others – Science Education, 1988
Studies the quality of graduating science education majors at Brigham Young University (BYU) and attempts to identify possible trends in the ability of students who entered secondary school science teaching. Concludes that there was no manifested trend toward lower quality college students entering the science teaching profession at BYU. (CW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Aptitude, College Entrance Examinations, College Science