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Donohue, Kerri; Buck, Gayle A.; Akerson, Valarie – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
The purpose for this self-study was to explore the theoretical and practical understandings of scientific inquiry inherent in our elementary teacher preparation program, specifically those of new instructors. Although scientific inquiry and inquiry-based learning are emphasized in our program, several new instructors, doctoral students hired to…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Theory Practice Relationship, Inquiry
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Peabody, Michael R. – Applied Measurement in Education, 2020
The purpose of the current article is to introduce the equating and evaluation methods used in this special issue. Although a comprehensive review of all existing models and methodologies would be impractical given the format, a brief introduction to some of the more popular models will be provided. A brief discussion of the conditions required…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Equated Scores, Sample Size, Item Response Theory
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Hughes, Robert W.; Marsh, John E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Two experiments critically examined a predictive-coding based account of the vulnerability of short-term memory (STM) to auditory distraction, particularly the disruptive effect of changing-state sound on verbal serial recall. Experiment 1 showed that providing participants with the opportunity to predict the contents of an imminent spoken…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Short Term Memory, Prediction, Acoustics
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Wenger, Michael J.; Rhoten, Stephanie E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
In their seminal study of chess expertise, Simon and Chase (Chase & Simon, 1973; Simon & Chase, 1973) proposed that perceptual learning was a necessary component of skill acquisition. In their view, acquisition of skill results from the strategic use of learning at multiple levels to adaptively overcome inherent limitations. The knowledge…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Perceptual Development, Perceptual Motor Learning, Skill Development
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Gamliel, Eyal; Kreiner, Hamutal – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Attribute-framing bias reflects people's tendency to evaluate positively framed objects more favorably than the same objects framed negatively. Most theoretical accounts of this bias emphasized the role of positive- and negative-framing valence in the message, disregarding the quantitative information that typically accompanies it. To examine the…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Bias, Cognitive Processes, Knowledge Representation
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Lee, Hongmi; Kim, Kyungmi; Yi, Do-Joon – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Previous studies have reported contradictory findings regarding the effects of item repetition on the subsequent encoding of contextual details associated with items (i.e., source memory). Whereas some studies reported repetition-induced enhancement in source memory, other studies observed repetition-induced impairment. To resolve these…
Descriptors: Memory, Familiarity, Context Effect, Tests
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Chamberlain, Jenna M.; Gagné, Christina L.; Spalding, Thomas L.; Lõo, Kaidi – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Three experiments using a spelling error detection task investigated the extent to which morphemes and pseudomorphemes affect word processing. We compared the processing of transparent compound words (e.g., doorbell), pseudocompound words (e.g., carpet), and matched control words (e.g., tomato). In half of the compound and pseudocompound words,…
Descriptors: Spelling, Error Patterns, Task Analysis, Morphology (Languages)
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Johnson, Angela – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2020
This study estimates the causal impact of 8th grade English learner (EL) reclassification on high school English language arts (ELA) standardized test scores, SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) reading, and on-track to graduate status. I apply a regression discontinuity design to rich administrative data from a large district in California. The…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, High School Students, School Districts, Grade 8
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Harris, Richard; Courtney, Louise; Ul-Abadin, Zain; Burn, Katharine – Research Papers in Education, 2020
The curriculum is often the target of reform and governments use a range of accountability measures to ensure compliance. This paper examines the decisions schools in England make regarding history provision, in a period of curriculum change, and the potential consequences of these decisions. Drawing on a large, longitudinal data set, of primary…
Descriptors: Curriculum, Educational Policy, History Instruction, Accountability
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Campbell, Louise – Research Papers in Education, 2020
In the design and development of new school buildings, areas equipped with state-of-the-art technology and large, flexible spaces intended for collaborative teaching and learning are becoming increasingly common. This is in line with an understanding that this kind of learning environment reflects the contexts for work young learners are likely to…
Descriptors: Space Utilization, Teacher Attitudes, Consciousness Raising, Foreign Countries
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Yokoi, Katsushi; Kurasawa, Shigeki; Utsumi, Miyoko; Miyai, Nobuyuki – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the Child Occupational Self-Assessment (COSA) and quality of life (QoL) in elementary school children. A total of 77 children from a public elementary school were included in the study. A survey was conducted using the COSA and the Kid-KINDLR. The COSA consists of 25 items on…
Descriptors: Self Evaluation (Individuals), Quality of Life, Elementary School Students, Correlation
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Knight, Rupert – Research Papers in Education, 2020
Education in many countries is heavily influenced by what has been termed a Global Education Reform Movement, based on competition, measurement and comparison. As well as emphasising external accountability, this landscape offers schools, in theory, a degree of autonomy. School-level innovation, however, may involve a degree of courage on the part…
Descriptors: Educational Innovation, Teaching Methods, Educational Change, Teacher Attitudes
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Montgomery, Ivonne; Zwicker, Jill G. – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2020
"Printing Like a Pro!" is a free program to help primary-grade students to print legibly. This pre-test post-test study aimed to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of this program used in a teacher-taught printing club with occupational therapy support. Eleven students in grades 2 and 3 with persistently poor legibility attended the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Handwriting, Program Effectiveness, Clubs
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Candler, Catherine; Grajo, Lenin C. – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2020
An occupational perspective on reading requires an understanding of how individuals engage in terms of reading media selected, level of motivation, amount of time spent in reading, and where and who reading occurs with. These factors are assessed by the "Inventory of Reading Occupations-Pediatric" (IRO-Pedi), a tool created to measure…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Materials, Reading Motivation, Reading Habits
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Wagner, Kirsty; Bunn, Helena – Educational Psychology in Practice, 2020
In 2014 in England a new Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) Code of Practice (CoP) was introduced. Available data on the impact of the CoP in the area of SEND are inconclusive; however, it seems that the progress of pupils with SEND falls significantly behind the achievement of all pupils, and that nationally there is considerable…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Special Education, Special Needs Students
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